项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷

发布时间:2021-08-26
项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷

项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第1卷


138 _____ is a formal invitation containing a scope of work which seeks a formal response (proposal) describing both methodology and compensation to form. the basis of a contract.

A. Request for proposal

B. Invitation to bid

C. Request for quotation

D. Intention for bid

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


工作分解结构中的每一项都被标以一个独特的标示符,标示符的名称是什么?( )

A.质量检测标示符

B.帐目图表

C.项目活动编码

D.帐目编码

正确答案:D


● A project can best be defined as:

A Series of non-related activities designed to accomplish single and multiple objectives.

B Coordinated effort of related activities designed to accomplish a goal without a well-established end point.

C Cradle-to-grave activities which must be accomplished in less than one year and consumes human and non-human resources.

D Any undertaking with a definable time frame, well-defined objectives, and consumes both human and non-human resources with certain constraints.

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


160 Which of the following impacts the critical path?

A. Changing the task duration.

B. Reduce the free float of an activity.

C. Executing a backward pass

D. A or B

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


129 Inspection processes are considered _____.

A. an investment in the future

B. an effective corrective process

C. a necessary control process

D. insults to production line employees

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


任务持续时间的悲观估计为36天,最大可能估计为21天,乐观估计为6天,那么A行为在16到26天之间完成的概率有多大?( )

A.55.70%

B.68.26%

C.95.46%

D.99.73%

正确答案:B


以下各项中只有哪项不是项目团队不良团队合作的症状?

A、 挫折

B、 过多的会议

C、 对项目经理缺乏信任或信心

D、 毫无成效的会议

正确答案:B


以下哪个工具可以用于分析设计、确定其功能、以及评估如何在成本合算的情况下提供这些功能

A、 帕累托图

B、 Kanban

C、 配置管理

D、 价值分析

正确答案:D


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第2卷


作为项目经理,你认识到了项目进展评估会议的重要性。但是你也意识到你的项目小组和主要的有关各方非常繁忙,不想参见会议。项目生产的世界上最先进的整形鞋现在已经进入第二阶段临床试验。因为你已经进入项目执行阶段,因此这些会议:

A、应该经常举行以获得对目标和实现方法的一致意见

B、可能减少召开频率

C、需要更多地召开以加强薄弱环节

d.必须定期举行以记录病人的反应

正确答案:B


下列哪一项不是合同的一个基本要素 ( )

A.报价

B.验收

C.顾及条款consideration

D.目标的合法性

正确答案:C


见下图

直接原材料费用 直接劳动力费用

计划单价 $0.60 $4.50

实际数量 36,810 15,000

实际单价 $0.58 $4.10

实际费用 $21,350 $61,000

哪一项是劳动力成本偏差( )

A.$5500

B.$1500

C.-$100

D.-$0.10

正确答案:D


● Once the logic of a network is laid out, the project manager will conduct a forward pass and backward pass through the network. This will provide information on the _____ and identification of the _____ .

A Slack for each activity, critical path.

B Slack for each activity, high risk activities.

C Manpower shortages, high risk activities.

D High risk activities, non-critical paths.

E Manpower availability, contingency plans.

正确答案:A


统计过程控制的一致性应用在:

a. 正式的统计样本和控制程序中,他允许非常精确地测量执行任务的过程,因此保证产品同规格的一致性。.

b. 使用正式的统计概念和技术上以决定做出的选择,特别是在项目的执行和结束阶段.

c. 从低于100%的总体因素中收集数据,由此推断出可制造的产品和可从事的活动.

d. 表达对可接受产品需要的考虑目标

正确答案:A
a [爱尔兰, V-1 页.  统计质量控制是用于测量产品的可变性和纠正措施的一种方法。根据统计的推论,当产品超出了可接受范围时,就有合理的理由确认产品不符合要求而拒绝它。另一方面,也有合理的理由确认产品符合要求而接受它。]


65 You must produce 27 widgets. You can only produce 9 widgets per production run. Each production line setup costs $1000. Each widget consumes $10 worth of material and $5 worth of labor. What is the total fixed cost for producing the widgets.

A. $3,000

B. $27,000

C. $27,270

D. $1,335

E. $1,000

正确答案:E


All of the following statements define the role of a meeting chairperson except:

A Initiates and concludes discussion

B Controls irrelevant discussion

C Resolves strong disagreements

D Produces meeting agenda

E Consolidates agreements.

正确答案:D


184 Using the situation stated in the Special window, which WBS element has a favorable cost variance of $150?

A. Element P

B. Element Q

C. Element R

D. Element S

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第3卷


自制/外购分析是------的一部分

A、 询价

B、 采购计划编制

C、 竞争性投标

D、 合同管理

正确答案:B


你收到副总经理打来的一个紧急电话,她说她将在15分钟内去见一个潜在客房谈一个大而复杂的“.COM”项目。她给了你30秒的时间,让你算出这一项目的成本是多少。你很快想了一下过去类似的项目,考虑了一些不确定因素,然后给了她答案。你这样提供的估计是什么类型的?( )

A.确定性的

B.预算性的

C.数量级的

D.趋势分析统计

正确答案:C


All of the following may hinder a person's ability to transmit/receive a message except:

A Unfamiliarity with topic

B Withholding information

C Assuming

D Noise

E Preoccupation

正确答案:A


98 Cost management includes:

A. Cost estimating/forecasting.

B. Cost budgeting/cost control.

C. Cost applications.

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


63 When a project incorporates an Organizational Breakdown Structure (OBS), it is integrated with the WBS at the

A. task

B. level of effort

C. sub-task

D. project

E. work package

正确答案:E


项目管理与传统职能管理的主要区别是项目经理对下列哪项基本管理职能可能无法控制( )

A.作出决策

B.员工招聘

C.奖励

D.追踪/检查

E.回顾

正确答案:B


189 In project-driven companies, costs are usually billed againest the project based upon:

A. The burdened labor rate of the actual employees who performed the work.

B. The burdened labor rate of the line organization average salary.

C. The burdened labor rate of the company average salary.

D. The burdened labor rate of the average salary of the project team members.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


作为项目经理,你相信“人性化”的方法来加强团队建设。被证明是有效的能够达到这个目的的方法是:( )

A.为小组创设一个名称

B.规定灵活的工作时间

C.制订项目章程

D.为重要的或特别的事情举行庆祝活动

正确答案:D


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第4卷


The most common method for pricing out non-burdened labor hours for a three year project would be to:

A . Price out the hours at the actual salary of the people to be assigned.

B . Price out the work using a company-wide average labor rate.

C . Price out the work using a functional group average labor rate.

D . All of the above.

E . A and B only.

正确答案:C


● The project life-cycle can be described as:

A project concept, project planning, project execution, and project close-out.

B project planning, work authorization, and project reporting.

C project planning, project control, project definition, WBS development, and project termination.

D project concept, project execution, and project reporting.

E All of the above.

正确答案:A


要进行沟通, 必定会出现所有下列事项,除了:

a. 二或更多的人参与

b. 信任的气氛

c. 信息的传送

d. 言语或非言语的信息

正确答案:B


Back charges refers to:

A transferring charges from sub-contractors to the owner

B adjusting payments to reflect late invoices consequence

C the cost of corrective action taken by the owner and charged to the contractor for non-conformance

D gaining restitution from the owner for non payment

E C and D only

正确答案:C


条件图法如GERT用于:( )

A.表示四种依赖关系(完成-开始 完成-完成 开始-开始 开始-完成)

B.创建一个比PERT图还容易解释的网络图形

C.因为PCM和ADM不允许非序列活动,如回环或条件分去

D.帮助促进项目网络图的准备

正确答案:C


可以帮助我们明确哪些工作在规定的时间必须完成的工具是:

A、项目主进度表

B、预算

C、工作分解结构

D、甘特表

正确答案:C


104 A network has been developed with resources from six different departments. One of the six departments has just informed you that they can increase the number of employees from 5 to 8. This will result in:

A. A shortening of the critical path.

B. A shortening of the noncritical path.

C. A decrease in the total cost of the project.

D. An increase in the cost of the project.

E. A through D are possible based upon where the resources are deployed

正确答案:E
i


129 Quality control charts show a characteristic of the product or service against:

A. the specification limits.

B. customer requirements.

C. control limits based on three standard deviations in each direction.

D. control limits based on six standard deviations in each direction.

E. A and D only

正确答案:C


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第5卷


63 The critical path in a schedule network is the path that:

A. Takes the longest time to complete

B. Must be done before any other tasks

C. Allows some flexibility in scheduling a start time.

D. Is not affected by schedule slippage

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


PMBOKTM’s的五个项目管理过程组中,哪一个过程组由始至终作为共同的线索跨越了绝大多数的过程?

a. 实施

b. 计划

c. 控制

d. 立项

e. 收尾

正确答案:C
107. c [PMBOK TM, p.29, Figure 3-2. The controlling processes are used throughout the life of the project to assist in directing the other processes of the project.]
 


176 Which of the following is often overlooked in achieving effective communication?

A. speaking clearly

B. listening

C. interpreting

D. maintaining eye contact

E. manipulating the conversation

正确答案:B


项目质量管理的主要目标是:( )

A.使用质量环保证质量

B.达到ISO9000的要求

C.满足项目需要

D.教育员工质量的重要性

正确答案:C


161 Time management is the allocation of time in a project's life cycle through the process of: A. Planning

B. Estimating.

C. Scheduling.

D. Controlling

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


你和你的项目团队决定对每项工作使用三次估计来估算工时。你的团队可能在利用:

a. 优先图示法PDM

b. 计划评审技术PERT法

c. 实际工作分解结构AWBS

d. 关键路线法CPM

正确答案:B


你的公司作为一家为雪地汽车和割锯生产链条的著名链条生产商,正致力于开发一种可以在这两种中同时使用的可转换的链条。为了与其潜在的质量问题并且帮助建立处理前在质量的方法,你需要使用很多核心原因分析技术,下面哪一个方法不是你要使用的技术?( )

A.鱼骨图

B.因果图

C.系统或者流程表

D.检核单

正确答案:D


127 A clear definition of the user's needs serves as the direct basis for the:

A. Work breakdown structure.

B. Functional requirements.

C. Project cost estimate.

D. Selection of personnel.

E. Termination decision

正确答案:B


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第6卷


Which of the following is not part of contract administration

A contract award

B performance control

C financial control

D contract closeout

E All of the above are parts of contract administration.

正确答案:A


项目成功依赖于大量的相互关联的因素,包括时间.成本以及范围控制。然而,任何一个项目的成功主要依赖于( )

A.客户接受

B.客户满意

C.客户在满足自己的需要的基础上有一定的妥协

D.超过客户最初设定的项目范围

正确答案:B


以网络进度为基础的一个进度计划的作用是( )

A.显示依赖关系

B.更好的进行What if的练习

C.突出关键活动

D.对资源要求时间要求及平衡Trad offs提供信息

E.以上都是

正确答案:E


116 Using the diagram in the Special window, what is the probability that Alternative I will be adopted and completed below budget:

A. 1.4

B. 0.8

C. 0.2

D. 0.12

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


元信息传递学、辅助语言学、二次信息及隐含元沟通都是指——( )

A.沟通技巧

B.沟通需求

C.练习容忍及妥协的方法

D.非语言沟通

正确答案:D


● A task-oriented family tree of activities is a:

A Detailed plan.

B Linear responsibility chart.

C Work breakdown structure.

D Cost account coding system.

E Work package description.

正确答案:C


he five major cost categories of quality are _____ .

A . prevention, appraisal, internal failures, external failures, and equipment (measurement and test).

B . specifications, QA programs, QC programs, parts rejected and parts returned

C . Staffing, Training, reviews, equipment and rejected goods

D . sampling, design considerations, manufacturing considerations, training and rework.

E . None of the above

正确答案:A


195 Techniques that can improve communication include:

A. establishing a single, one-way communications channel

B. avoiding face-to-face communication

C. using redundancy (i.e. saying it two different ways) whenever possible

D. disregarding the sensitivity of your receiver

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第7卷


187 Standard of purchased material:

A. Simplifies inventory control

B. reduces the risk of obsolescence

C. reduces cost of purchasing and storage

D. All of the above.

E. A and C only

正确答案:E


团队发展以下列哪项为基础

A、项目的组织结构

B、为项目团队提供的培训

C、每个团队提供的培训

D、项目中相互合作、充分沟通和相互信赖的组织氛围

正确答案:C


The project stakeholders should be actively involved with the _____ phase(s) of the life cycle.

A.Conceptual

B.Development.

C.Execution

D.Finish

E.All of the above.

正确答案:E
E


在向管理层/客户进行介绍时使用视觉辅助将( )

A.吸引观众的注意力

B.通过对审核尺寸加上一个目测尺寸可增强学习过程

C.注视时间较长可使心不在焉的听者得到一定信息

D.以上都是

正确答案:D


资源计划编制的目的在于:

A、 确定执行项目活动所需的物理资源

B、 近似的计算完成项目活动所需的资源成本

C、 确定可能获取的资源

D、 评估组织有关项目使用资源的政策

正确答案:A


58 A graphical display of accumulated costs and labor hours for both budgeted and actual costs, plotted against time, is called a(n) _____.

A. Trend line.

B. Trend analysis.

C. S curve.

D. Percent completion report.

E. Earned value report

正确答案:C


质量似乎是你们公司的追求。首先,公司通过了ISO9000认证。现在执行总裁想赢得MalColm BalDrige奖。每个项目都有一份与机构的远景目标一致的质量综述。对所有项目提供内部和外部的质量保证以便——( )

A.确保项目满足相关的质量标准

B.监控特定的项目结果以确定它们是否符合相关的质量标准

C.找出排除不满意结果产生过程的方法

D.检查以排除过程中的错误

正确答案:A


187 The most common form. of written project communication is

A. Publications

B. Bulletin boards

C. Reports

D. Letters and memos

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


项目管理师考试真题精选及答案8卷 第8卷


23 Which of the following actions is an example of risk response:

A. adjust project parameters (scope, time, quality ...)

B. reduce the probability of potential project risk events C. reduce the consequences of potential project risk events

D. wait until a problem actually happens, then deal with it in the most effective and efficient manner.

E. A, B and C only

正确答案:E


40 The accounting head asks an assistant to cut the payroll checks today. The head later arrives to sign the checks, only to find that the assistant shredded (cut) the blank check forms. Which phrase best describes this lack of communication.

A. Bypass instruction

B. Faulty perception of reality

C. Bad attitude of listener

D. Lazy listening

E. Emotionalism

正确答案:A


以下哪项是满足客户实际需求的质量特征?( )

A.符合规范

B.适合使用

C.安全性和环境

D.高等级

正确答案:B


以下哪项不属于合同文件的一部分

A、 建议书

B、 工作范围

C、 条款和条件

D、 谈判纪录

正确答案:D


17 The behavioral responsibilities of a project manager may also include dealing with:

A. The public

B Regulatory personnel

C. The legal environment

D. Environmental issues

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


All of the following statements define the role of a meeting chairperson except:

A Initiates and concludes discussion

B Controls irrelevant discussion

C Resolves strong disagreements

D Produces meeting agenda

E Consolidates agreements.

正确答案:D


你项目团队的员工曾共事过,他们开始表现出意见分歧、争论,似乎每个人都在说着一种不同的“语言”。你必须迅速地使这种状况得到控制,你首先应该采取的行动是----

A、 定期召开小组会议

B、 下次开会时,采用会议引导人协助会议顺利进行

C、 小心地进行项目计划编制

D、 采用强制性的会议行为规则

正确答案:C


194 Using the data shown in the Special window, Activities P, Q, and T are critical path activities. In order to shorten the time duration of the project, which activity should be "crashed" first?

A. P

B. Q

C. R

D. S

E. T

正确答案:A