21年项目管理师答疑精华9节

发布时间:2021-08-29
21年项目管理师答疑精华9节

21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第1节


173 Five people are involved on a project that requires significant communication between all project participants. How many lines of communication exist on this project?

A. 5

B. 6

C. 8

D. 10

E. 9

正确答案:D


181 The critical path in a schedule network is the path that:

A. Takes the longest time to complete

B. Must be done before any other tasks

C. Allows some flexibility in scheduling a start time.

D. Is not affected by schedule slippage

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


91 The LEAST effective form. of communication for complex situations is:

A. verbal - face to face

B. written

C. formal

D. informal

E. A and C

正确答案:E


自由时差和总时差的区别在于什么?

A、 自由时差是不影响结束日期的总时差,而总时差是自由时差的累计数

B、 自由时差值影响随后立即进行的后续活动的最早开始日期

C、 自由时差通常指“闲散时间(slack time)”,而总时差通常指“浮动时间(float time)”

D、 一个活动的自由时差等于关键的总时差减去活动的总时差

正确答案:B


95 The major reason why a project manager would use written instead of oral communication is: A. documentation

B. feedback

C. cost

D. barrier elimination

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


77 The Delphi Method is _____ .

A. used to derive a consensus arriving at a convergent solution

B. useful in determining probability relating to future events.

C. used with questionnaires based on established scenarios.

D. continued as an iterative process until a solution is reached.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


Communications is best described as:

A an exchange of information.

B providing written or oral directions.

C consists of senders and receivers

D effective listening.

E All of the above

正确答案:E


29 The process of interpreting a message is:

A. Decoding

B. Receiving

C. Encoding

D. Feedback

E. A and C

正确答案:A


The auditing function that provides feedback about the quality of output is referred to as:

A . quality control.

B . quality planning.

C . quality assurance.

D . quality improvement

E . All of the above.

正确答案:C


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第2节


从控制图上的控制上下限可以了解:( )

A.客户的要求

B.规范限制

C.可接受的过程偏差幅度

D.可接受的产品偏差幅度

正确答案:C


当个人得到培训,工具和技术去执行制造一个质量产品时,个人的自尊和承诺的官能得到发展。此概念叫:

a. 合伙

b. 所有权

c. 质量管理

d. 义务的一致性

正确答案:B
b [参见学习手册,  质量成本.]


152 Which of the following can affect network durations?

A. Skills of the resource pool

B. Calendar dates

C. Constraints

D. All of the above

E. A and B only

正确答案:E


你是一个项目经理,已经批准了原定的成本基准线,但是现在项目范围出现了比较大的变化,因此成本基准线也出现了变化。下一步你应该怎么办?

A. 评估范围变更的幅度

B. 发布更新后的成本预算

C. 把你通过这个过程获得的经验教训记录在案

D.执行得到通过的范围变更

正确答案:B


● Researching, organizing and recording pertinent information is called:

A Alternative analysis

B Information gathering

C Configuration management

D Post project analysis

E All of the above

正确答案:B


127 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is net present value of an annual income flow of $1600 at 14% over the next three years?

A. $3713.60

B. $0.68

C. $1080.00

D. $476.19

E. $2.32

正确答案:A


以下哪个工具可以用于分析设计、确定其功能、以及评估如何在成本合算的情况下提供这些功能

A、 帕累托图

B、 Kanban

C、 配置管理

D、 价值分析

正确答案:D


195 Screening of risk events for potential risk is known as _____ .

A. problem structuring.

B. risk identification

C. risk quantification

D. risk modeling

E. risk mitigation

正确答案:B


106 A comparison of completion status to baseline is referred to as _____.

A. Earned value measurement.

B. Percent complete.

C. ACWP.

D. BCWS

E. None of above

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第3节


92 Project life cycles provide a better means of measurement of progress and control. The four phases of a project are conceptual development, _____, _____, and _____.

A. Preliminary planning, detail planning, closeout

B. Implementation, reporting, termination

C. Development, implementation, termination

D. Execution, reporting, finishing

E. Implementation, termination, post-audit review

正确答案:C


74 Which of the following is associated with a buyer's request for material to meet a particular need: A. material warranty

B. material guarantees

C. implied warranty of salability

D. implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose

E. A and C only

正确答案:D


在项目管理中运用决策树的主要优势是:

A.考虑了决策者对风险的态度

B.考虑了每个结果的概率

C.帮助识别和假定了项目风险的情况

D.显示了多个风险结合出现的情况

正确答案:B


Risk Event Status is defined as _____ .

A Risk Probability x Amount At Stake.

B the severity of the consequences.

C how likely the event is to occur with risk.

D (Cost + Benefit + Business Risk) / Insurable Risk.

E B and C

正确答案:A


应该由谁负责确定项目成本偏差可接受幅度( )

A.职能经理

B.部门领导

C.高层管理

D.项目经理

正确答案:D


项目执行期间重新委任了一名项目经理,项目已经按照计划执行,但是项目经理发现客户对报告方法相当不满,项目经理应该首先做什么?

A、 检查沟通系统

B、 询问客户的不满和要求,找出解决方案

C、 向客户建议修改报告

D、 让项目团队制定替代方案

正确答案:B


鱼骨图可以帮助( )

A.了解过去的结果

B.组织思维.激发思考

C.确定过程是否失去控制

D.对问题进行优先排序

正确答案:B


Project team building is most difficult in which type of environment?

A . weak matrix organization

B . strong matrix organization

C . projectized organization

D . functional organization

E . expediter organization

正确答案:A


79 A key to successful Management by Objectives (MBO) is

A. insuring that employees have clearly defined objectives

B. involving employees in decision meetings

C. permitting employees to set their own objectives

D. allowing employees to perform. their own evaluations

E. A or C

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第4节


进行活动历时估算时不应考虑以下哪一项?

A、 资源能力

B、 分配给活动的资源数量

C、 历史资料(如可以获取的话)

D、 管理费用比率

正确答案:D


43 There are four methods of government procurement. Which is not one of these methods? A. Assistance

B. Sealed bidding

C. Competitive proposals

D. Acquisition

E. Small purchases

正确答案:D


28 The Cost Performance Index (CPI) measures

A. total costs

B. performance over a period of time

C. costs at a point of time

D. variable costs

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


182 Achieving effective upward communications in an organization requires that the sender consider which of the following:

A. entropy

B. position

C. the medium

D. A and B.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


以下哪句话是正确的?

A、 Hammok和fragnet的意思一样

B、 项目进度计划可以采用多种历法

C、 任何网络都不得采用回环

D、 在活动是独立活动是,使用Hanger(锒铛儿)

正确答案:B


112 The schedule risk is the _____ .

A. the accumulated "expected' durations which maintain project completion.

B. Critical Path adjusted by "high-risk" activity float.

C. highest risk path that maintains quality.

D. Critical Path when calculated with "most likely" duration.

E. highest risk path that contributes the most risk toward the project completion

正确答案:B


● The scope of a project can be expected to change if:

A The project manager must provide cost estimates without having a design concept

B Oversimplification (underestimating) of the nature of the work occurs

C The project manager is assigned after the project is defined, and the cost and schedule are approved

D A clear objective is not provided

E All of the above are possible based upon the situation

正确答案:E


138 Project managers that are available to answer questions, provide guidance when need, and generally do not interfere with day-to-day activities have a(n) ______ managerial style. A. Autocratic

B. Conciliatory

C. Ethical

D. Facilitative

E. Judicial

正确答案:D


你正负责在怀俄明州的艾文斯顿建造第一家室内滚轴溜冰场。你门公司雇佣了一个承包商来管理这个项目,并与其签定了总价合同。那名从未离开过印第安那州考克摩市的造价工程师在确定合同金额的饿过程中做出了很大的贡献。他的工作对于达成目标利润提供了很大帮助。这种情况表明( )

A.专业的成本估算建议是非常不要的

B.每个干系都具备有助于编制项目计划的知识和技能

C.在签定总价合同的过程中,最理想的成本估算方法是将参数模型估计法和专家判断法结合使用

D.一个人即使在没能掌握本地条件的情况下也能提供准确的饿信息。

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第5节


范围核实应该在何时进行?( )

A.项目结束时

B.项目开始时

C.项目每一个阶段期间

D.计划编制时进行一次

正确答案:C


171 Documented work authorization provide:

A. a means of effective internal coordination of the project's activities.

B. an audit trail of all work authorized from project initiation to completion

C.a means for communication of work activity between the project manager and the performing activities.

D. All of the above

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


下列哪一项是项目状态报告 ( )

A.文件偏差趋势及除外事件

B.成本趋势计划及获取的成果

C.成本计划及技术实施状况

D.分析成本实施及计划

正确答案:C


68 An acceptance control chart has limits that are based on the spec. limits for the product rather than limits which differentiate between random and assignable causes. Under which of the following circumstances should a QC manager consider this type chart

A. When the engineering tolerance on a dimension greatly exceeds the natural dispersion of the manufacturing process

B. When the number of samples outside the current control chart limits become too costly and cumbersome to investigate.

C. When a process is subject to constant but stable tool wear.

D. A and B.

E. A and C

正确答案:E


77 Control chart theory is based on the differentiation of the causes of variations in quality. Variations may be produced by assignable causes. All of the following are examples of assignable causes except: A. differences among machines.

B. differences among workers.

C. differences among materials.

D. differences in each of these factors over time.

E. None of the above (all are examples)

正确答案:E


The initial document that formally recognizes the existence of a project is the _____ .

A.Scope baseline

B.Management plan

C.Project charter

D.Configuration control report

E.None of the abov

正确答案:D

 


● Work authorization forms are needed in order to:

A Authorize line organizations to charge against the project

B Establish an audit trail

C Develop a structured methodology for release of funds

D All of the above

E A and C only

正确答案:D


假设时范围启动过程的有效输出,执行项目前,每个假设必须被确定为:

A、 约束条件

B、 风险

C、 可交付结果

D、 问题

正确答案:B


120 A calendar that identifies when a project may be performed on an activity is called a:

A. Project calendar.

B. Resource calendar.

C. Milestone point.

D. Key point.

E. Work unit

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第6节


用于审核成本和有关数据的方法和技术被称为可行性研究。可行性研究考虑的经济方面包括利率,现值因素,操作成本, 折旧, 和 。

a. 资本化成本

b. 技术性技能要求

c. 技术预测

d. 战略行销情报

正确答案:A


一个改进沟通和配合的方法是采用严密矩阵组织。这一方法也能促进—— ( )

A.快速跟踪

B.协同设计(ComCurrent engineering)

C.资源平衡

D.不同地理位置的或虚拟团队的工作

正确答案:B


你在制药业工作。你的项目要对和种叫做芬塔斯提克的药物进行临床试验,该药品用于提高记忆力和刺激头发生长。在项目实施过程中,该产品的试验过程被进一步明确划分为三个阶段,第一阶段的进行四次试验,第二阶段进行五次试验,第三阶段进行六次试验。这种情况是下列工作的一个示例

A、 质量功能展开

B、 将工作分解结构(WBS)与项目活动进行一一匹配

C、 价值分析

D、 进一步细化对产品的描述

正确答案:D


136 A technique that can be used to measure the total income of a project compared to the total moneys expended at any period of time is:

A. return on investment (ROI)

B. net present value (NPV)

C. discounted cash flow (DCF)

D. B and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


77 We assign human and non-human resources in the _____ phase of the budget.

A. conceptual

B. planning

C. development

D. implementation

E. close-out

正确答案:D


90 In the past, most project managers have come from _____ fields without proper _____ training or education in skills

A. Technical; accounting/finance

B. Technical; management

C. Technical; psychological

D. Marketing; technology-oriented

E. Business; manufacturing know-how

正确答案:B


Taguchi质量管理方法的目的是:

A、对物资流程进行更好的管理以增加其透明度和可控性

B、运用统计技术计算损失函数,以确定没有达到目标价值的产品所耗费的成本

C、使得生产活动作为独立和灵活的单位能够自始至终独步一时一系列项目组成成份,而Taguchi方法则对这些生产操作设计,分组和管理。

D、对流程各阶段进行协调和沟通

正确答案:B


12 What is the relative priority of project Cost, Schedule and Quality?

A. 1)Cost - 2)Schedule - 3)Quality

B. 1)Quality - 2)Schedule - 3)Cost

C. 1)Quality - 2)Cost - 3)Schedule

D. 1)Schedule - 2)Quality - 3)Cost

E. All are of equal priority

正确答案:E


你是一家谷物食品公司的项目经理, 你正在开发一种动物饲料, 该饲料包含预防口蹄疫的疫苗。你的项目主办人最近完成了乔治华盛顿大学的项目管理硕士学位的学习。她要求你向她描述项目的整体产品范围。你告诉她这是

A、项目整合管理控制计划的总和

B、由工作分解结构中的非项目管理要素构成的工作包

C、工作分解结构和项目活动列表

D、有关各方批准的项目要求

正确答案:A


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第7节


为了确定一个过程中是什么引起了大多数质量问题一个非常有用的工具是 ( )

A.因果分析

B.流程图

C.控制图

D.帕累托图

E.趋势分析图

正确答案:D


以下各项除了-------均为团队建设技术?

A、 工作场地外搞活动改善小组成员间人际关系

B、 奖励和认可制度

C、 开工准备会议

D、 项目经理平息小组冲突

正确答案:D


项目经理用在沟通上的时间占多少( )

A.50%

B.75-90%

C.30%

D.40-60%

正确答案:B


54 Smoothing out resource requirements from period to period is called resource _____.

A. Allocation.

B. Partitioning

C. Leveling.

D. Quantification

E. None of above

正确答案:C


33 Flextime and compressed workweeks are two popular alternative work schedules used by employers to improve the quality of work life of their employers. Which of the following statements concerning these alternative work schedules is not true?

A. Flextime schedules alter the employee's working hours but not the number of hours worked each day B. Both flextime and compressed workweek schedules make scheduling more complex for the employer

C. Both flextime and compressed workweek schedules can complicate compliance with overtime regulations

D. Fatigue is a disadvantage of compressed workweek schedules because employees must work longer than the traditional eight hour work day

E. Under flextime schedules, the working hours are established by the employer

正确答案:E


136 A technique that can be used to measure the total income of a project compared to the total moneys expended at any period of time is:

A. return on investment (ROI)

B. net present value (NPV)

C. discounted cash flow (DCF)

D. B and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


54 Fixed-price and incentive-type contracts place responsibility for performance and financial risks associated with delay or non-performance on the:

A. Buyer

B. Third party

C. Contractor

D. All of the above

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


某项目的成本或进度计划经常由管理层作出指示在此情况下项目经理应采取以下所有行动除了 ( )

A.进行风险评估

B.将后果告知管理层

C.就范围进行谈判

D.接受她而不事先采取任何行动

正确答案:D


编制项目范围说明书时不需要包含以下哪项?( )

A.成本/利益分析

B.项目历史

C.项目可交付成果

D.可测量的目标

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第8节


进度绩效指数低于1.0表示( )

A.项目没有完成预定的工作

B.已取得的挣值达100%

C.项目永久性地损失了一部分时间

D.项目可能没有按照时间表执行,但是项目经理不必在意这个问题

正确答案:A


你在负责管理一个视频游戏的项目。上个月客户已经签署项目需求说明和范围说明。但是现在她提出了一项范围变更要求。她希望把这个游戏做成一种电视和电脑上都能玩的互动游戏。这种范围变更至少会表现在哪 一个方面?

A、修改工作分解结构已经确定的项目范围

B、导致所有项目基线的变更

C、需要对成本 时间 质量以及其他目标进行调整

D、得到一个经验教训

正确答案:A


92 The project charter is developed by:

A. senior management

B. the customer

C. the project manager

D. both A and C

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


以下哪一个因素对团队沟通贡献最大?( )

A.外部反馈

B.绩效评价

C.项目经理解决团队的冲突

D.同地集结

正确答案:D


对工期进行估算的指导标准包括( )

A.假定设备及人员的正常水平

B.假定一个正常的工作周

C.使用一致的时间单位

D.使用已发生的实际工期作为参照

E.以上部分或全部选项都对

正确答案:E


有两类基本的保证,哪种类型是关于“可售性”或“实用性”的保证?

A、 明确的

B、 暗示的

C、 保证

D、 选择性的

正确答案:B


配置管理是:

A、 用于确保项目产品的说明是正确和完整的

B、 工作分解结构的产物

C、 就确保满足项目设计标准开发的一组程序

D、 追踪预算和进度变化的机制

正确答案:A


QUEST . Which percent of the total project labor hours are typically expended by the end of the second phase of the project life cycle?

A . 5%

B . 10%

C . 15%

D . 25%

E . 50%

正确答案:D


● Going from Level 2 to Level 4 in the work breakdown structure will result in

A Less estimating accuracy

B Better control of the project

C Lower status reporting costs

D A greater likelihood that something will fall through the cracks

E None of the above

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师答疑精华9节 第9节


156 When comparing the cost of competing projects, which of the following is typically NOT considered? A. Opportunity costs.

B. Direct costs.

C. Sunk costs.

D. Indirect costs.

E. Burden rates

正确答案:C


对小组沟通最重要的因素是:

A、 外部反馈意见

B、 绩效评价

C、 项目经理平息小组内的冲突

D、 工作地点接近

正确答案:D


Which of the following impacts the critical path?

A.Changing the task duration.

B.Reduce the free float of an activity.

C.Executing a backward pass

D.A or B

E.None of the above.

正确答案:A
A


A project can best be defined as:

A.Series of non-related activities designed to accomplish single and multiple objectives.

B.Coordinated effort of related activities designed to accomplish a goal without a well-established end point.

C.Cradle-to-grave activities which must be accomplished in less than one year and consumes human and non-human resources.

D.Any undertaking with a definable time frame, well-defined objectives, and consumes both human and non-human resources with certain constraints.

E.All of the above.

正确答案:D
D


项目符合或者超过了客户要求的正式确认对于项目管理室必要的。这样的确认不包括下列哪一个方面?

A、客户对项目结果的正式接收

B、符合承担项目组织的要求,包括人员考核,预算报告 和经验和总结

C、客户对项目交付成果的正式接收

D、通过了质量控制检查

正确答案:D


166 Risk management allows the project manager and the project team to:

A. eliminate most risks during the planning phase of the project

B. identify project risks

C. identify impacts of various risks

D. plan suitable responses

E. B, C and D only

正确答案:E


项目团队应该了解如何利用统计知识进行质量控制。在下面所有涉及的议题中,哪一个是项目团队最需要知道的?( )

A.样本和概率

B.特性样本和变量样本

C.公差和控制限度

D.具体原因和随机原因

正确答案:A


合同的收尾阶段涉及:

A、客户满意度分析和最终付款

B、管理收尾和档案保存

C、向承包商最终付款和整理经验

D、产品验收和管理收尾

正确答案:D


The most effective means of determining the cost of a project is to price out the _____.

A . Work breakdown structure.

B . Linear responsibility chart.

C . Project charter.

D . Scope statement.

E . Management plan.

正确答案:A