21年项目管理师每日一练9篇

发布时间:2021-09-06
21年项目管理师每日一练9篇

21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第1篇


WBS应该被用于风险识别过程,因为它——( )

A.确定所有要做的工作,因此,能帮助识别潜在的危险源

B.确定所有要做的工作,因此,包括项目所有的风险

C.帮助组织项目所要完成的所有工作

D.确定工作包,这将使分配特定的责任成为可能

正确答案:A


139 Which of the following are types of status reports?

A. document, variance, trend and exception

B. cost, trend, schedule and acquisition

C. cost, schedule, technical performance

D. analysis, cost, performance and schedule

E. All of the above

正确答案:C


如果项目A的净现值为30000美元,项目B的为50000美元,那么选取B的机会成本是多少?

A、23000美元

B、30000美元

C、20000美元

D、50000美元

正确答案:B


106 The "control points" in the work breakdown structure used for isolated assignments to work centers are referred to as:

A. Work packages.

B. Subtasks.

C. Tasks.

D. Code of accounts.

E. Integration points

正确答案:C


最近你完成了一个公司餐厅设施的食品服务评估项目。你发现了很多问题,其中包括空售货机,粗鲁的员工,缓慢的饿队伍,贫乏的菜式,以及高价。你决定里利用帕雷托图来展示你的发。因为帕雷托图是一种出色的方法,可以用来

A、通过对相同原因的归类,显示产生了多少结果

B、在历史数据的基础上预测将来的结果

C、显示哪一个变量对全部结果的影响最大

D、显示不同的原因及附属原因是如何结合起来产生潜在的问题或者影响的

正确答案:A


10 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is present value of $1000 at 12% at the end of 5 years?

A. $3605.00

B. $0.57

C. $567.00

D. $892.86

E. $3.61

正确答案:C


125 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total price variance for direct material?

A. $140.00

B. $736.00

C. $0.02

D. -$350.00

E. $5850.00

正确答案:B


资源平衡通常:( )

A.增加项目总成本

B.推迟项目完成日期

C.要求更少的资源

D.要求更多的资源

正确答案:B


● A work breakdown structure:

A assures all work is identified.

B subdivides the project into manageable segments.

C provides the project sponsor with a time-phase task summary.

D both A and B.

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第2篇


如果想要创造一个善于接纳的沟通气氛,项目经理应该

A、 保证所有的沟通都明了并被理解

B、 用他希望他人对他讲话或写信的方式对别人讲话或写信

C、 让项目团队准备一个项目沟通计划

D、 保证小组成员获得执行工作所需的信息

正确答案:B


你门公司正在设立一个质量成本法来判断质量问题的相对重要性,并以此来识别降低成本的主要途径。你们成本、评估成本、内部不合格成本和外部不合格成本。然而当你检查质量成本的时候,你发现培训及相关费用也是一个主要的影响因素。培训成本被包含在下列哪个方面之中?

A、预防成本

B、评估成本

C、内部不合格成本

D、外部不合格成本

正确答案:A


帕累托图可以帮助项目经理( )

A.关注最关键的问题改进质量

B.关注激发思考

C.了解想要达到的未来产出

D.确定一个过程是否失去控制

正确答案:A


152 Which phase of the project life cycle typically has the highest uncertainty and risk associated with it? A. concept

B. development

C. execution

D. conclusion

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


107 How much time does the typical project manager spend communicating (formal and informal)? A. 40% - 60%

B. 30% - 70%

C. 60% - 80%

D. 75% - 90%

E. 25% - 55 %

正确答案:D


在组织一个项目时,项目经理必须处理冲突。关于项目中的冲突,以下哪一点是正确的?( )

A.机构的矩阵形式会导致角色定义不明确,并导致职能领导与项目经理之间权限不清

B.冲突源包括项目的优先权、PERT/CPM进度、合同管理程序和合同类型

C.应该尽量避免冲突

D.强矩阵项目中的经理们几乎没有人力资源方面的冲突,因为他们会让职能经理满足其需要

正确答案:A


在以下的路径收敛例子中,如果按时完成活动1、2和3的概率都是50%,活动4在第6天开始的概率是多少?( )

A.10%

B.13%

C.40%

D.50%

正确答案:B


挣值管理使我们可以了解项目绩效的有用信息,相对于其他几项,以下哪项最不可能?( )

A.项目绩效趋势

B.项目完工预测

C.预期项目预算

D.项目绩效

正确答案:B


大多数的对预算,时间表和资源分配的统计模拟利用了哪种方式 ( )

A.计划评审技术

B.决策树

C.现值分析

D.蒙特卡罗分析

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第3篇


The most common definition of project success is:

A.Within time

B.Within time and cost

C.Within time, cost and technical performance requirements

D.Within time, cost, performance and accepted by the customer/user

E.None of the above

正确答案:D


什么时候需要用正式的书面信函

A、 检测到错误时

B、 客户要求合同中没有涵盖的附加工作时

C、 项目出现进度问题

D、 项目成本超支

正确答案:B


特定采购行动与公司战略的关系被称为:

a. 公司风险战略

b. 公司采购关联行为

c. 公司规划战略

d. 公司采购战略

正确答案:A


活动A历时为3天,开始于4号星期一上午,后续活动B和A的关系为结束一开始。结束一开始关系有3天滞后,活动B历时为4天,星期天为非工作日,从这些数可以得到什么?( )

A.两个活动总历时为8天

B.活动A开始日期和活动B结束的日历时间为11天

C.活动B结束日期为13号星期三

D.活动A开始日期和活动B结束的日历时间为14天

正确答案:B


72 The first step in building a PERT/CPM network is to:

A. Create a flow chart

B. Determine the critical path

C. Show task relationships

D. Create a work breakdown structure

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


167 The purpose of project Risk Management is to:

A. Identify those factors that will adversely impact project objectives.

B. Assess the impact of adverse project factors.

C. Assess the probability of adverse project factors.

D. A and C

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


Communication always makes use of.

A symbols

B words

C language

D gestures

E All of the above.

正确答案:E


● A Gantt chart is useful in determining:

A the level of effort for a task

B when a task starts and stops

C how tasks are related to each other

D who is assigned to do a task

E All of the above.

正确答案:B


119 A communicator can present information using the following media except:

A. Visual

B. Audio

C. Tactile

D. Performal

E. Both A and

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第4篇


179 Formal authority is often referred to as legitimate power. Which two other forms of power are also considered to be legitimate power?

A. Reward and penalty

B. Reward and referent

C. Referent and expert

D. Expert and reward

E. Penalty and referent

正确答案:A


Screening of risk events for potential risk is known as _____ .

A problem structuring.

B risk identification

C risk quantification

D risk modeling

E risk mitigation

正确答案:B


109 The primary consideration of product management is to know the _____.

A. probability of product's performance with specified parameters

B. ability the product has to perform. its intended function

C. ability of a product to be produced within existing parameters

D. functionality the product will provide over its useful life

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


以下哪项是建立质量保证过程的主要目标?

A、 完整的检查表

B、 过程调整

C、 质量改进

D、 质量管理计划

正确答案:C


37 A communicator can present information using the following media except:

A. Visual

B. Audio

C. Tactile

D. Performal

E. Both A and B

正确答案:D


A situation in which one of two or more risk events will follow an act, but the precise nature of these events may

not be known and the probabilities of their occurring cannot be objectively assigned, is the definition of:

a. Certainty

b. Uncertainty

c. Risk

d. Risk adversity

e. None of the above

正确答案:B
    b [见学习手册,确定因素、风险、不确定因素的定义章节。]


99 A project manager who, in a deference of opinion with the project controls engineer on how costs are to be reported, dictates the format of the cost report may be said to have a conflict management style. A. Withdrawing

B. Forcing

C. Confrontational

D. Authoritarian

E. Combative

正确答案:B


126 Which of the following risks are generally considered unpredictable:

A. business risk

B. financial risk

C. inflation

D. natural hazards

E. taxes

正确答案:C


163 All of the following statements define the role of a meeting chairperson except:

A. Initiates and concludes discussion

B. Controls irrelevant discussion

C. Resolves strong disagreements

D. Produces meeting agenda

E. Consolidates agreements

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第5篇


5 Japanese quality control has improved dramatically in the last 30 years for all of the following reasons except:

A. the use of quality circles.

B. small, continuous improvements in quality control.

C. the use of worker suggestion systems.

D. the use of quality control charts.

E. focusing quality control efforts on production outputs

正确答案:E


在项目环境下,功能经理的责任是:

a. 充当一个澄清关键问题的宣传媒介

b. 设定基本规则和假设

c. 勾画时间、成本和执行限制的轮廓

d. 确定和完善风险范围内的减轻策略

e. 建立管理政策

正确答案:D
d [职能经理的职责是了解在项目里涉及到他们权利范围内的风险,识别它们,指定缓解策略降低项目风险。答案 a 描述的是高层管理者的责任,答案  b, c 和  e 项目经理的责任]


你们公司是一家领先的雪地车链条制造商。公司正在开发一种可互换用于两种情况的链条。为预测和帮助找出处理潜在质量问题的方法,你希望用各种基本原因分析技术,除了以下哪一种方法?( )

A.鱼刺图

B.依西卡娃图

C.系统或过程流程图

D.检查表

正确答案:D


在众多跨职能活动中,哪类组织最有效?

A、 矩阵组织

B、 项目型

C、 职能型

D、 任何组织

正确答案:A


Risk mitigation includes all but which of the following:

A Developing system (policies, procedures, responsibilities)

B Obtaining insurance against loss

C performing contingent planning

D developing planning alternatives

E identification of project risks.

正确答案:E


尽管可能有大量副作用,但是合同中的激励条款的主要目的是:

A、 降低买方成本

B、 帮助承包商控制成本

C、 帮助协调承包商和买方的目标,使之与买方的目标一致

D、 把风险转移给买方降低承包商的风险

正确答案:C


18 Including the customer in the process of project planning is:

A. Slow and counterproductive.

B. Essential in the definition and documentation of project goals.

C. Necessary, but of limited value.

D. Unnecessary because project goals are defined in the proposal stage.

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


由谁最终负责确定和管理项目风险

A、 项目发起人

B、 经理

C、 团队

D、 经理和项目发起人

正确答案:A


139 Using the scenario in the special window, the project manager:

A. will probably spend the weekend reviewing the data.

B. Won't ask for the report again.

C. Has a preference for written communication.

D. Has chosen an inappropriate medium.

E. Is experiencing communication overload

正确答案:E


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第6篇


Which of the following is based on an individual identification with a more powerful person.

A . expert power

B . reward power

C . referent power

D . A and B.

E . A and C

正确答案:C


94 Which is not an element of procurement management?

A. Purchasing

B. Expenditure

C. Marketing

D. Inspection

E. B and D

正确答案:C


7 Feasibility studies evaluate alternatives in terms of

A. Cost-effectiveness

B. Ease of performance

C. Risk

D. Safety

E. All or part of A through D

正确答案:E


Upon completion of 75% of the project, the original schedules and cost estimates that were submitted at the inception of the project are referred to as the:

A . Baseline costs

B . Budgeted costs.

C . Estimates upon completion costs

D . Scheduled costs

E . None of the above

正确答案:A


The technique most commonly used to determine the profitability of a project includes _____ methods.

A . Net present value (NPV).

B . Return on investment (ROI).

C . Discounted cash flow (DCF)

D . Payout time and risk sensitivity analysis.

E . All of the above.

正确答案:E


What tool have project managers come to use to identify all of the costs associated with a project.

A . A bill of materials

B . A Gantt chart

C . An arrow diagram network.

D . A work breakdown structure.

E . B and C only.

正确答案:D


在你准备要结束与项目相关的合同的时候,应该考虑多种类型的文件,但不包括哪项

A、关于结束合同的文件

B、采购审核

C、发票和付款记录单

D、承包商的业绩报告

正确答案:B


要起到效果,风险管理过程应该是

A、 主要应用于概念和收尾阶段,在一定程度上用于执行和计划编制阶段

B、 贯穿整个项目,适用于系统分解和项目组织的各个级别

C、 包括集中某些项目干系人识别风险和制定降低风险战略

D、 注意高层管理认为中关键的风险

正确答案:B


以下哪个工具可以用于分析设计、确定其功能、以及评估如何在成本合算的情况下提供这些功能

A、 帕累托图

B、 Kanban

C、 配置管理

D、 价值分析

正确答案:D


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第7篇


● Project life cycles provide a better means of measurement of progress and control. The four phases of a project are conceptual development, _____, _____, and _____.

A Preliminary planning, detail planning, closeout

B Implementation, reporting, termination

C Development, implementation, termination

D Execution, reporting, finishing

E Implementation, termination, post-audit review

正确答案:C


You are managing an internal project where a vice president from the user group is acting as the sponsor. You have just been informed by your team that the critical path has slipped by three weeks. You should:

A.Immediately inform. the sponsor and ask for advice

B.Do nothing until the slippage occurs

C.See the sponsor after you have evaluated alternatives, recommendations, and performed an impact analysis

D.Look for someone to blame before you see the sponsor

E.Inform. your senior management of the problem and tell them that you will get back to them after you assessed the situation

正确答案:C
C


Which of the following is based on an individual identification with a more powerful person.

A . expert power

B . reward power

C . referent power

D . A and B.

E . A and C

正确答案:C


Which of the following scheduling methods uses more of the risk management concepts:

A ADM

B PDM

C CPM

D PERT

E Gantt

正确答案:D


整合由谁执行?

A、 高层管理

B、 项目团队成员

C、 项目管理顾问

D、 项目经理

正确答案:D


● Resource leveling _____.

A Allocates resources to activities to find shortest schedule within fixed resource limits.

B Smoothes out resource requirements by rescheduling activities within their float time.

C Smooths out resource requirements by substituting activities with unassigned resources.

D Attempts to reduce resource requirements within a constraint on project duration

E B or D

正确答案:E


项目队员在其项目工作中经常能发展新的技能,并经常增加已掌握技能的熟练程度。当这种情况发生时,更新雇员技能数据库是很重要的。这点应该按以下哪个过程来完成? ( )

A.资源计划

B.沟通计划

C.团队建设

D.管理收尾

正确答案:D


77 Since risk is associated with most projects, the best course of action is to:

A. cover all project risks by buying appropriate insurance

B. ignore the risks, since nothing can be done about them and move forward with the project in an expeditious manner.

C. avoid projects with clear and present risks

D. eliminate all known risks prior to the execution phase of the project

E. identify various risks and implement actions to mitigate their potential impact

正确答案:E


All of the following statements about acceptance sampling are true except:

A . Acceptance sampling plans are beneficial when the cost of inspection is high and the resulting loss of passing nonconforming units is not great.

B . Acceptance sampling plans are necessary when destructive inspections are required.

C . Acceptance sampling plans are never effective at rejecting nonconforming units as 100 percent inspection, even when the inspection process is very tedious.

D . Acceptance sampling plans do not directly control the quality of a series of lots; they instead specify the risk of accepting lots of given quality.

E . Acceptance sampling plans are not very effective for inspecting small lots of custom-made products.

正确答案:C


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第8篇


谁应该负责确保信息是清楚、明确和完整的?

A、 项目经理

B、 信息传递者

C、 信息接收者

D、 信息传递者和接收者

正确答案:B


● Which of the following are included as part of a scope statement?

A Project justification

B Project deliverables

C Project objectives

D All of the above

E B and C

正确答案:D


6δ指的是以距离平均值6个标准差的范围确定的置信区间这样一个目标,而一般的一个过程的预期的方差是( )

A.一个标准差

B.二个标准差

C.三个标准差

D.由于每一个过程的特殊性而无法确定

正确答案:C


统计控制图这个工具主要用来帮助

A、 随时监控过程偏差

B、 测定吻合度

C、 确定结果是否吻合

D、 确定结果是否符合要求

正确答案:A


Which of the following is not a cost of non-conformance?

A . maintenance and calibration

B . warranty repairs

C . scrap

D . rework

E . All of the above.

正确答案:A


85 A team that is just forming needs:

A. An organization chart

B. Alternatives and choices

C. Structure and specificity

D. Orientation and organization

E. Opportunities for dialogue and conflict resolution

正确答案:C


应急计划编制包括

A、 定义一旦已识别风险发生后要采取的步骤

B、 建立一个管理储备用于未计划的花销

C、 准备一个独立文件,和整体项目计划分隔开

D、 确定在项目执行阶段需要进行的调整

正确答案:A


你认识到质量控制对项目的重要性。但是,你也知道质量控制会增加成本,而项目的预算是有限的。减少质量控制成本的办法是——( )

A.保证总的质量规划符合ISO标准

B.应用抽样统计

C.在整个过程中贯彻检验

D.应用趋势分析

正确答案:B


对产出的100%检测是 ( )

A.保证质量的经验证的最好方法

B.太贵对质量管理不是一种有效的方法

C.从来不会但很正确

D.还会留下一些未知缺陷

E.B及D正确

正确答案:B


21年项目管理师每日一练9篇 第9篇


112 Which of the following organizational forms would be likely to have an individual with the title of Vice President for Project Management?

A. Classical / traditional

B. Pure project

C. Matrix

D. Project coordinator

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


The actual configuration of a PERT/CPM network _____ the amount of resources that can be devoted to the project.

A.Increases.

B.Is not affected by

C.Does not require

D.Is heavily dependent upon

E.Is the only means of determining

正确答案:D
D


在提供给业主及投资方的报表中有收益率及技术数据等研究以便于被其认可这种常用于融资的报告形式被称之为__________( )

A.项目可行性研究报告

B.经济评估分析

C.风险管理手册

D.说明书

正确答案:D


谁应该负责确保信息是清楚、明确和完整的?

A、 项目经理

B、 信息传递者

C、 信息接收者

D、 信息传递者和接收者

正确答案:B


60 In performing an impact analysis, the most effective tool to ensure all risks are identified on large projects is the:

A. Work breakdown structure

B. milestone review and schedule technique

C. cost/schedule control system

D. planning programming budget system

E. program and evaluation review technique

正确答案:A


风险管理的什么过程会对项目的计划产生影响?

A、 风险识别

B、 风险的定性分析

C、 风险的应对规划

D、 风险监控

正确答案:C


● A non-critical path activity is completed in half the time. Then,

A The critical path is also reduced.

B The slack in the path containing this activity will increase.

C The total cost for this activity has decreased.

D Manpower from this activity can be assigned to other activities.

E All of the above.

正确答案:B


185 The standard types of communication include all but

A. Written

B. Verbal

C. Telepathic

D. Nonverbal

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


Using the figure in the Special Window, what is the probability of success for Project B?

A 0.3

B 0.2

C 0.35

D 0.15

E 0.12

正确答案:C