2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节

发布时间:2021-09-08
2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节

2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第1节


● The actual configuration of a PERT/CPM network _____ the amount of resources that can be devoted to the project.

A Increases.

B Is not affected by

C Does not require

D Is heavily dependent upon

E Is the only means of determining

正确答案:D


你的项目领导特德建议了一项能改善项目总体质量的同时只啬少量费用的活动。项目控制控制员桑哈建议了一个能缩短项目进度但减少产品特性的方法。你认为提高质量和加快进度是非常重要的。虽然你认为特德和桑哈应该相互学习,可他们总是意见相左。你需要一个长远的冲突解决方法。你决定用以下哪一个解决办法?( )

A.面对

B.解决问题

C.合作

D.缓和

正确答案:C


123 Which of the following constitute Juran's "quality trilogy":

A. planning, inspection, control.

B. planning, improvement, control.

C. planning, organization, control.

D. product, price, customer.

E. design, build, deliver.

正确答案:B


139 The project charter is a document designed to tell _____ exactly what the project entails.

A. The project manager

B. The project office

C. The project team

D. The project sponsor

E. Anyone associated with the project

正确答案:E


81 Cost Plus Percentage of Cost contracts are more desirable for the:

A. owner

B. buyer

C. seller

D. contractor

E. C or D

正确答案:E


2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第2节


In order to achieve long-term quality improvements, management must do the following:

A . Motivate the employees with seminars, contests, and institute programs such as "Quality Improvement' day.

B . Create a quality control department and give the head of the department ultimate responsibility for quality improvement.

C . Implement of a formal quality control program with worker and management involvement.

D . Establish financial incentive packages for worker.

E . A and D

正确答案:C


140 A graphical display of accumulated costs and labor hours for both budgeted and actual costs, plotted against time, is called a(n) _____.

A. Trend line.

B. Trend analysis.

C. S curve.

D. Percent completion report.

E. Earned value report

正确答案:C


在哪类组织结构中出现项目促进员

A、 矩阵型组织

B、 项目型组织

C、 职能型组织

D、 任何组织

正确答案:C


Scope Management:

A.entails managing the project's work content.

B.is a subset of configuration management and as such is performed by CM specialists.

C.is concerned with naming all activities performed, the end products which results and the resources consumed.

D.is not a concern of the project manager.

E.None of the above.

正确答案:C
C


The starting point in the development of a top-down PERT/CPM chart is the _____ .

A.Project specification tree.

B.Customer's deliverable list.

C.Customer's milestone dates.

D.Work breakdown structure.

E.Listing of customer team meeting dates.

正确答案:D
D


2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第3节


The type of power most infrequently used by the PM is

A . formal authority

B . reward power

C . referent power

D . expert power

E . penalty

正确答案:A


179 In preparing a good project definition, experienced project managers will:

A. Concentrate mainly on the end product rather than costs or benefits. These come later.

B. Realize that only the "tip of the iceberg" may be showing. As a project manager, you must get beneath it.

C. Understand that a project definition/plan is a dynamic rather than static tool, and thus subject to change.

D. Try to convert objectives into quantifiable terms.

E. All of the above

正确答案:E


你为美国能源部做的项目正使用挣值分析作为绩效报告技术。你的项目完成了20%。最近的挣值分析结果表明CPI是0.67,SPI是0.87。在这种情况下,你应该——( )

A.执行进一步的资源计划、增加资源并在需要时加班以完成同样的预算工作

B.为进度重定基准,然后应用蒙特?卡罗方法

C.实施一个风险响应审计以帮助控制风险

D.实施一个风险响应审计以帮助控制风险

正确答案:D


On November 1, $1000 worth of work on task A was supposed to have been done (BCWS); however, the BCWP was $850. Calculate the schedule variance:

A . ¥-100

B . ¥100

C . ¥-150

D . ¥150

E . 85%

正确答案:C


在项目管理过程中,为了监控已经发现和尚未被发现的工作失误或不合格产品的数量,你应该:

A.设计一项实验进行检测

B.使用一个检核表进行比较

C.进行趋势分析

D.进行审计

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第4节


以下哪句关于类比估算的说明是不正确的?

A、 支持自上而下的估算

B、 是一种专家判断的形式

C、 实际成本的准确率为±10%

D、 在估算当前项目成本时可以参照以前类似项目

正确答案:C


20 A Gantt chart is useful in determining:

A. the level of effort for a task

B when a task starts and stops

C. how tasks are related to each other

D. who is assigned to do a task

E. All of the above

正确答案:B


采用逆推进法的目的在于决定

A、 关键路径

B、 最早完成日期

C、 最迟开始日期

D、 赶工日期

正确答案:C


● Which of the following impacts the critical path?

A Changing the task duration.

B Reduce the free float of an activity.

C Executing a backward pass

D A or B

E None of the above.

正确答案:A


亚伯拉罕·马斯洛提出了一个五个级别的需要层次理论,解释了一个人的整个生命发展周期中不同类型的需要。责任、成就感和能胜任的感觉属于下列哪个级别的需要?

A、 自我实现

B、 社会化

C、 尊重

D、 生理上

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第5节


项目经理绝对需要良好的沟通及协商技巧因为( )

A.他应领导一个没有直接控制关系的团队

B.采购活动需要

C.他们被希望是技术专家

D.他们必须向执行者/客户/业主提供简报

E.以上都是

正确答案:A


决策树最好用于:

A、 确定风险涉及总额和预期值的相互作用

B、 把概率和风险事件联系起来

C、 阐释如何观察决策和相关事件间的相互作用

D、 决定项目事件标准的流程图

正确答案:C


如果一个工作包的估算成本为1500美元且完成日期为今天,但今天已花费成本为1350美元却只完成三分之二的工作,这时成本偏差为:( )

A.150美元

B.-150美元

C.-350美元

D.-500美元

正确答案:C


你是一家谷物食品公司的项目经理, 你正在开发一种动物饲料, 该饲料包含预防口蹄疫的疫苗。你的项目主办人最近完成了乔治华盛顿大学的项目管理硕士学位的学习。她要求你向她描述项目的整体产品范围。你告诉她这是

A、项目整合管理控制计划的总和

B、由工作分解结构中的非项目管理要素构成的工作包

C、工作分解结构和项目活动列表

D、有关各方批准的项目要求

正确答案:A


179 The following reports are normally developed during the project closure phase?

A. Communications Management Plan and Lessons Learned

B. Records Archive, Closure Report, lessons learned & Formal Acceptance Report

C. Records Archive, Closure Report, & Specifications Document

D. Communications Management Plan and Closure report

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第6节


125 Which of the following depreciation methods provides for accelerated depreciation of an asset: A. Double declining balance.

B. Straight line.

C. Exponential depreciation

D. Double sum of the years digits

E. Double increasing balance

正确答案:A


121 Project management/project planning is most closely aligned with:

A. Long range/strategic planning (5 years or more).

B. Intermediate range planning (1 to 5 years)

C. Short range/tactical planning (1 year or less).

D. All of the above.

E. B and C

正确答案:E


质量计划的艺术是:

a. 确认那一个质量标准同项目有关并决定如何满足它.

b. 准备设计客户的规格.

c. 检测项目结果决定其是否符合要求.

d. 组织在质量上的意图和方向.

正确答案:A
a [参见学习手册,质量计划控制和保证。  PMBOKTM 8.1 章 质量计划.]


139 Using the scenario in the special window, the project manager:

A. will probably spend the weekend reviewing the data.

B. Won't ask for the report again.

C. Has a preference for written communication.

D. Has chosen an inappropriate medium.

E. Is experiencing communication overload

正确答案:E


涉及:

A、 明确在风险事件发生的时候应该采取的步骤

B、建立管理储备对未规划的支出进行管理

C、准备独立于整个项目计划的文件

D、决定在项目执行阶段进行的调整

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师考试试题及答案7节 第7节


An informal communication network on a project and within an organization is called a(n):

A free upward flow

B free horizontal flow

C unrestricted communication flow

D grapevine

E open network

正确答案:D


● A completion of a local government study resides on your critical path. This would most likely be referred to as:

A Soft logic

B Hard logic

C An external dependency

D A mandatory dependency

E A lost cause

正确答案:C


你们公司目前有一个开发新型无线录像机产品的项目,现在有一个小组正在编制项目计划,而你正是这个小组的一份子。在编制项目计划的时候,大家要考虑到很多相关的问题。下列哪项是在编制项目计划的过程中必须考虑到的约束条件?

A、以往的业绩记录

B、类似项目的财务记录

C、预先确定的预算

D、从以往项目中获取的项目工作经验

正确答案:C


Using the scenario in the special window, the project manager:

A will probably spend the weekend reviewing the data.

B Won't ask for the report again.

C Has a preference for written communication.

D Has chosen an inappropriate medium.

E Is experiencing communication overload.

正确答案:E


在进行计划编制时,你坐下来对每项任务所需的时间进行估算,这些时间的总和就是项目估算,这个历时就是你承诺完成项目的时间。以上描述有什么错误?

A、 项目团队没有参与估算,而且这种方法耗时太长。

B、 项目团队没有参与估算,而且没有使用网络图

C、 估算时间太久,应该有管理层完成

D、 项目估算应该和客户要求的完工日期吻合。

正确答案:B