项目管理师历年真题解析6节

发布时间:2021-10-06
项目管理师历年真题解析6节

项目管理师历年真题解析6节 第1节


185 Using the situation stated in the Special window, the cost performance index (CPI) for WBS Element R is:

A. 0.875

B. 1.14

C. 0.952

D. 0.833

E. 1.20

正确答案:B


156 Deflection involves the transfer of risk by:

A. Contracting out to another party

B. Developing schedule alternative.

C. Establishing functions under the project manager to handle risk events.

D. Disaster planning and responses.

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


51 Management by Objectives (MBO)

A. is a method used to evaluate personnel by objectively comparing them to common performance standards

B. requires a supervisor and a subordinate to jointly establish performance objectives

C. should be the responsibility of the organization's personnel department

D. should always involve the establishment of objectives that are quantifiable

E. B and D

正确答案:B


54 You have been assigned as a project leader and must first review the statement of work provided by the customer. Which of the following is most often overlooked?

A. Data item deliverables

B. Customer-furnished equipment and facilities

C. Long-lead procurement items

D. Customer-imposed milestones

E. Other subcontractor interface requirements

正确答案:A


权变措施的确定是在风险管理的哪个步骤

A、 风险识别

B、 风险定性分析

C、 风险应对规划

D、 风险监控

正确答案:D


● On November 1, $1000 worth of work on task A was supposed to have been done (BCWS); however, the BCWP was $850. Calculate the schedule variance:

A ¥-100

B ¥100

C ¥-150

D ¥150

E 85%

正确答案:C


你是一个项目经理,管理着一个分布于全世界5个不同国家的虚拟团队。根据以往的经验, 你知道:这些团队成员对于他们的职能经理的要求回应得要比对你的回应要积极得多。考虑到这个问题, 你决定要准备一个

A、针对团队成员的备忘录,以提醒他们现在是为项目经理工作

B、 项目章程

C、 针对职能经理的备忘录,以提醒他们你有权支配他们的员工

D、人力资源管理计划

正确答案:B


项目管理师历年真题解析6节 第2节


下列哪项不属于有效变更控制系统的一部分

A、 步骤

B、 报告标准

C、 会议

D、 经验教训

正确答案:D


The type of power most infrequently used by the PM is

A . formal authority

B . reward power

C . referent power

D . expert power

E . penalty

正确答案:A


公司有一个生物项目,你是项目经理,现在研究部门已经分离了一种高级微生物。当与海藻结合的时候,这种微生物能够形成一种可生物降解的合成材料。销售部门相信该材料应该利用来制造能够只穿一次就可以抛弃并变成花园肥料的袜子。管理层问你是否应该启动一个项目来制造这种产品。为此,你应准备:

A、可行性研究

B、投资回报报告

C、生产和购买分析

D、项目章程

正确答案:A


A situation in which one of two or more risk events will follow an act, but the precise nature of these events may

not be known and the probabilities of their occurring cannot be objectively assigned, is the definition of:

a. Certainty

b. Uncertainty

c. Risk

d. Risk adversity

e. None of the above

正确答案:B
    b [见学习手册,确定因素、风险、不确定因素的定义章节。]


● Using the problem stated in the Special window, Calculate the expected value of duration (in days) using the PERT concept of the expected duration of a task

A 8

B 8.8

C 9.1

D 9.7

E 10.5

正确答案:B


6 A line manager provides you with three estimates for his activity in your PERT network. His estimates are 2 weeks optimistically, 4 weeks most likely, and 12 weeks pessimistically. The expected time which would appear on the chart would be:

A. 4 weeks

B. 5 weeks

C. 6 weeks

D. 7 weeks

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


87 For effective communication, the message should be oriented to the _____.

A. Initiator

B. Receiver

C. Media

D. Management style.

E. Corporate culture

正确答案:B


项目管理师历年真题解析6节 第3节


63 The critical path in a schedule network is the path that:

A. Takes the longest time to complete

B. Must be done before any other tasks

C. Allows some flexibility in scheduling a start time.

D. Is not affected by schedule slippage

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


In communications management, to assimilate through the mind or senses (as in new ideas) is the process of

A Understanding

B Communicating

C Receiving

D Decoding

E Comprehending

正确答案:C


● Using the WBS in the Special window, an instance of a work package is:

A Build house

B Excavate

C Prepare Foundation

D B and C

E None of the above

正确答案:E


在项目采购管理中,绩效数据文件包括:

A、 WBS

B、 成本信息

C、 发票和付款纪录

D、 成本、进度和质量信息

正确答案:D


你们公司为项目管理的专业人士建立了一套奖励与考评系统。项目成本业绩即是决定奖励的标准之一。为了确

保所给出的奖励能真正反映实际的业绩,你应该采取什么措施?

a. 将加班视为工作的一部分

b. 设定一个成本基线

c. 利用挣值管理来监控业绩

d. 对可控和不可控成本分别做出评估和预算

正确答案:D
d.  对可控和不可控成本分别做出评估和预算。
为了让它真正发挥作用,奖励和考评系统必须要在业绩与奖励之间建立清晰、明确和符合实际的联系。例如,如果一句项目经理要因其完成了项目成本目标而得到奖励,那么他就应该有对员工分配和采购决策的适当控制权力。此外还必须要有一个可靠的评估、预算和跟踪可控成本的方法。[计划编制]


In a flowchart, the diamond form. is used to represent:

A . a starting point.

B . an operation.

C . a written report.

D . a decision point.

E . an end point.

正确答案:D


_____ is a receipt issued by a carrier for merchandise to be delivered to a party at some destination.

A Proforma invoice

B Inspection certificate

C Packing list

D Bill of lading

E None of the above.

正确答案:D


项目管理师历年真题解析6节 第4节


哪一术语描述了合同中那些与两个或两个以上的项目有关但在任何一个单独的项目中都无法跟踪到的成本?( )

A.可变的

B.直接的

C.间接的

D.半可变的

正确答案:C


一项活动历时为4天,最早开始日期为10日,最迟开始日期为19日,没有非工作日,根据以上信息,可以总结出什么?( )

A.该活动总时差为9天

B.该活动最早完成日期是14日结束

C.该活动最迟完成日期是25日

D.如果分配双倍资源的话,可以两天之内完成此活动

正确答案:A


152 Things that distort, distract, or muddle the communication process are called:

A. noise

B. selective filtering

C. selective perception

D. medium problems

E. All of the above

正确答案:A


工作分解结构是范围变更控制的一个输入,因为它:( )

A.为项目目标提供信息

B.定义了项目的范围基准计划

C.定义所有项目基准计划

D.为执行范围提供信息

正确答案:B


为了建立预算,必须评估下列所有的需要,但除了-------以外( )

A.应急费用

B.沉淀成本

C.直接成本

D.间接成本

正确答案:B


83 A computer tape which contains historical project information is called ____ tape.

A. Database

B. Baseline.

C. Archive.

D. Lessons learned.

E. Life cycle summary

正确答案:C


Which of the following control types has the highest risk to the owner:

A Firm fixed price (FFP)

B Time and material (T&M)

C Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF)

D Cost plus incentive fee (CPIF)

E A and B only

正确答案:B


项目管理师历年真题解析6节 第5节


When planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling a project an important human resources skill or ability would be

A . Building multi-disciplinary teams

B . Managing conflict

C . Communicating orally and in writing with all levels of personnel

D . Involving senior management

E . All are important

正确答案:E


最近,你们公司在已有的高尔夫装置的生产线中引进了一个叫做“金属木”的新装置。这种“金属木”是钛、铀和锰的合金。你们公司宣称这种球棒对任何的一击都将增加80码远。产品投放市场的效果是惊人的。美国职业高尔夫球协会的每一个主要人士都买了一套。但是,在过去的几星期内,情况却变得可怕。这些球棒给高尔夫球队员带来了很多令人头疼的问题。你决定进行失败方法和危险程度的分析以( )

A.在产品生产好后,分析产品发展周期以确定其优点和缺点

B.评价与现有产品的设计和制造相关的失败方式和原因

C.评价与新产品的设计和制造相关的失败方式和原因

D.帮助管理层在现存的制造过程中建立优先级以避免失败

正确答案:C


160 The major difference between project and line management is that the project manager may not have any control over which basic management function?

A. Decision-making

B. Staffing

C. Rewarding

D. Tracking/monitoring

E. Reviewing

正确答案:B


和客户制订了设计规格后,承包商和客户签订了FFP合同,由于资金不足,承包商在3个月后才开始项目,承包商应该:

A、 执行风险管理计划

B、 和客户协商项目完工里程碑

C、 分配额外资源按时完成项目

D、 使用管理储备

正确答案:A


An informal communication network on a project and within an organization is called a(n):

A free upward flow

B free horizontal flow

C unrestricted communication flow

D grapevine

E open network

正确答案:D


1 Employee unions would most likely satisfy which level in Maslow's hierarchy of needs?

A. Belonging

B. Self-actualization

C. Esteem

D. Safety

E. Empowerment

正确答案:A


184 Utility Theory:

A. considers the risk propensity of the decision makers.

B. is based on proven statistical methods.

C. deals with the usefulness of the end product.

D. is a key element of ISO 9000

E. B and C

正确答案:A


项目管理师历年真题解析6节 第6节


项目范围:

A、 只在项目开始时重要

B、 在授权项目的合同或其它文件得以批准后就不再重要了

C、 从项目概念阶段到收尾阶段都应该加以管理和控制

D、 是在项目执行阶段通过变更控制步骤进行处理的问题

正确答案:C


已经完成了需求和功能规格的制定,正在制定验收测试策略。在项目的什么阶段时刻, 项目经理应该安排处理哪些与项目计划预计发生偏差的事件?

a. 当未预料到的事件发生的时候,由于这种方法节省你宝贵的时间

b. 意外事件规划应该贯穿于整个项目生命周期

c. 仅在风险管理计划制定期间

d. 意外事件规划主要地在项目设计阶段进行

正确答案:B


如果项目经理不关心个人目标而是关注关系问题,那么他采用的是哪类冲突解决方法?( )

A.得-失

B.屈服-失

C.失-离开

D.妥协

正确答案:B


你正负责在怀俄明州的艾文斯顿建造第一家室内滚轴溜冰场。你门公司雇佣了一个承包商来管理这个项目,并与其签定了总价合同。那名从未离开过印第安那州考克摩市的造价工程师在确定合同金额的饿过程中做出了很大的贡献。他的工作对于达成目标利润提供了很大帮助。这种情况表明

A、专业的成本估算建议是非常不要的

B、每个干系人都具备有助于编制项目计划的知识和技能

C、在签定总价合同的过程中,最理想的成本估算方法是将参数模型估计法和专家判断法结合使用

D、一个人即使在没能掌握本地条件的情况下也能提供准确的饿信息。

正确答案:B


强矩阵和弱矩阵用在项目组织的矩阵结构中是指:( )

A.组织实现目标的能力

B.项目团队成员相互之间以及和项目经理之间的物理接近度

C.项目经理对小组资源的权利度

D.团队成员的凝聚力

正确答案:C


项目经理花在沟通上的时间占多少?( )

A.50%

B.75-90%

C.30%

D.40-60%

正确答案:B


97 Formal authority is often referred to as legitimate power. Which two other forms of power are also considered to be legitimate power?

A. Reward and penalty

B. Reward and referent

C. Referent and expert

D. Expert and reward

E. Penalty and referent

正确答案:A