2021项目管理师试题7章

发布时间:2021-10-06
2021项目管理师试题7章

2021项目管理师试题7章 第1章


你的组织对项目应包括的信息提出了要求。其中要求对你的项目的管理方法和战略进行说明。为此,你应该概括:

A、项目章程

B、范围说明

C、进度和成本的绩效考核基线

D、其它知识领域的管理计划

正确答案:D


ABC公司通常使用年数和计折旧法计算资产折旧。他们购买了一台价值$15,000 的计算机,在第三年末该机可以$3,000的价格出售,则第三年所提的折旧为:

a. $4,000

b. $2,000

c. $7,500

d. $2,500

正确答案:B

年限

成本-残值

折旧率

年折旧

累计折旧

资产

($15.000)-

折旧

1

$12.000

3/6 or 50%

$6,000.00

$6,000.00

$9,000.00

2

$12.000

2/6 or 33.3%

$3,999.96

$10,000.00

$5,000.00

3

$12.000

1/6 or 16.66%

$2,000.00

$12,000.00

$3,000.00



The zero defects concept

A . is a performance standard for management

B . is a motivational technique that promotes "doing it right the first time".

C . is used by management to communicate to all employees that everyone should do things right the first time.

D . A and C.

E . B and C

正确答案:D


以下哪一条能最好地描述在信息有限的情况下做出的成本和时间估计?( )

A.它应该是所需管理储备计划的一部分

B.它是风险识别的输入

C.它是风险识别的输出

D.它必须被列入项目风险分级清单

正确答案:B


197 Using the possible loss outcomes shown in the Special window, find the expected (loss)

A. $0

B. ($1300)

C. ($2000)

D. ($ 3000)

E. None of the above

正确答案:B


A _____ estimate prepared from layouts, sketches and flowsheets, should be accurate within (-10, +25%).

A . Parametric

B . Definitive.

C . Budget

D . Bottom up.

E . Top down.

正确答案:C


见下图

WBS构成部份 BCWS BCWP ACWP

P 1000 1100 1150

Q 2000 1800 2100

R 1000 1200 1050

S 2000 1900 1800

WBS中P部分的SPI进度执行指数值是( )

A.1.10

B.0.90

C.0.956

D.1.15

E.0.869

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师试题7章 第2章


The process of choosing/documenting the best approach to achieve the project objectives is part of:

A.The scope baseline.

B.Scope authorization

C.Scope definition

D.Scope planning.

E.All of the above.

正确答案:D
D


Selection criteria for project selection include:

A.cost versus benefit

B.risk

C.contribution towards organizational goals

D.rate of return

E.All of the above.

正确答案:E
E


一位项目经理已以完成了每项活动历时估算并进行了模拟以便确定应急储备的金额,其中还缺少什么?

A、 没有考虑关键路径

B、 没有考虑可选方案使如:快速跟近和赶工

C、 没有制定进度

D、 还没有识别每项任务的风险

正确答案:D


13 The work breakdown structure, the work packages, and the company's accounting system are tied together through the:

A. Code of accounts.

B. Overhead rates.

C. Budgeting system.

D. Capital budgeting process.

E. All of the above.

正确答案:A


50 The receiver filters messages based on all but the following:

A. Language

B. Distance

C. Culture

D. Knowledge

E. Authority/Reputation

正确答案:B


167 All the techniques described below can be used to keep a meeting focused except:

A. Recall agenda items/purpose of meeting

B. Summarize discussion periodically

C. Encourage pursuit of interesting new ideas

D. Rephrase unclear ideas presented by group members

E. All are acceptable techniques

正确答案:C


Using the figure in the Special window, Activity "L" has an early start time of _____ weeks and an early finish time of _____ weeks.

A . 11, 13

B . 12, 14

C . 13, 15

D . 14, 16

E . 15, 17

正确答案:E


2021项目管理师试题7章 第3章


为了实行有效的进度控制,你的项目团队必须警惕将来可能产生问题的任何情况。为了更出色的完成上面所述的任务,你的团队必须( )

A.审查绩效报告

B.不允许进度的任何变更

C.连续不断地更新进度管理计划

D.定期地检查项目进展情况

正确答案:A


以下哪项是满足客户实际需求的质量特征?

A、 符合规范

B、 适合使用

C、 安全性和环境

D、 高等级

正确答案:B


以下哪项是可以影响项目团队的组织的一个约束因素( )

A.执行组织的组织结构

B.项目团队成员沟通不畅

C.人员编制不明确

D.团队士气

正确答案:A


成本预算是重要的,因为这种预算被用于测算和监控项目成本绩效。总的成本估计必须分派给单个的活动或工作包以便确定项目的成本基准。理想的情况下,项目经理对成本的估计更喜欢——( )

A.在预算请求之前

B.预算被批准之后

C.应用参数模型

D.应用自上而上的估计方法

正确答案:A


All of the following statements about control charts are true except:

A . Control charts can be used to establish as well as maintain process control

B . control charts are used to detemine acceptance limits when no limits are stipulated by the product specification; otherwise, one should use the limits dictated by the specification.

C . all data points outside the control chart limits are variations explained by assignable causes.

D . A and B.

E . B and C

正确答案:E


以下哪项可以最好的描述质量提高了的结果?

A、 生产率提高了、成本效率提高了、成本风险降低了

B、 生产率提高了、成本效率下降了、成本风险增加了

C、 生产率下降了、成本效率和成本风险没变化

D、 生产率下降了、产品或服务整体成本提高了

正确答案:A


142 The project charter is prepared in which scope management process?

A. Initiation

B. Scope planning

C. Scope Definition

D. Scope change control

E. Scope verification

正确答案:A


2021项目管理师试题7章 第4章


● Project alternatives are examined during the _____ phase of the project

A conceptual

B finish

C development

D implementation

E A and C

正确答案:E


项目团队测量其执行风险响应计划的有效性是基于——( )

A.风险接受的阈值

B.风险得分

C.可能性/冲击风险评价

D.项目总的风险级别

正确答案:A


51 Your team has prepared a CPM schedule for your review. You notice that one node has six inputs (including two dummy activities) and four outputs (which include one dummy activity). Select the correct statement from the following:

A. This is a valid representation if the logic is correct.

B. This is invalid because a node can have a maximum of one dummy input representation if the logic is correct.

C. This is invalid because nodes cannot have both dummy inputs and dummy outputs.

D. This is a invalid because the number of outputs must equal the number of inputs.

E. This is invalid because a maximum of two inputs and two outputs are allowed using the critical path method

正确答案:A


76 The most frequently used construct in Precedent Diagramming Method is:

A. Start to Start.

B. Finish to Finish.

C. Start to Finish.

D. Finish to Start.

E. Dummy activity

正确答案:D


The person sending a message is NOT influenced by which of the following

A sender's credibility

B receiver's assumptions

C receiver's evaluative and tendency

D receiver's attitude and needs

E sender's knowledge

正确答案:C


以下哪项是由于外部事件引起的变更请求的实例?

A、 使用政府规定旧版本造成的项目范围定义错误

B、 执行权变措施方案带来的次级风险

C、 适用于当前项目的环境规定发生的变化

D、 由于供货商研发出新的技术使得我们可以使用单个元件替代原来定义的3件套

正确答案:C


44 According to labor law, which of the following management actions are prohibited during a union organizing drive?

A. Forbidding employees from distributing union literature in working areas

B. Implementing previously scheduled pay raises

C. Forbidding unions from soliciting workers during working hours

D. Circulating anti-union petitions

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师试题7章 第5章


Risk mitigation involves all but which of the following:

A developing system standards (policies, procedure, responsibility standards)

B obtaining insurance against loss

C identification of project risks

D performing contingent planning

E developing planning alternatives

正确答案:C


你们公司是一家领先的雪地车链条制造商。公司正在开发一种可互换用于两种情况的链条。为预测和帮助找出处理潜在质量问题的方法,你希望用各种基本原因分析技术,除了以下哪一种方法?( )

A.鱼刺图

B.依西卡娃图

C.系统或过程流程图

D.检查表

正确答案:D


● Project life cycles provide a better means of measurement of progress and control. The four phases of a project are conceptual development, _____, _____, and _____.

A Preliminary planning, detail planning, closeout

B Implementation, reporting, termination

C Development, implementation, termination

D Execution, reporting, finishing

E Implementation, termination, post-audit review

正确答案:C


125 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total price variance for direct material?

A. $140.00

B. $736.00

C. $0.02

D. -$350.00

E. $5850.00

正确答案:B


担保成本是以下哪种成本的范例?

A、 内部失败成本

B、 评估成本

C、 外部失败成本

D、 客户满意成本

正确答案:C


Which of the following types of specifications gives measurable capabilities of the product:

A functional specifications

B performance specifications

C conformance specifications

D technical specifications

E process capability specification

正确答案:B


Project trade-offs vary between

A . risk, cost and schedule.

B . direct cost, indirect cost, and resource availability

C . quality, schedule and time

D . cost, quality and schedule

E . contract terms, scope and budget

正确答案:D

 


2021项目管理师试题7章 第6章


79 Proper implementation of project management will guarantee that:

A. Budgets will be met.

B. Schedules will be adhered to.

C. Quality/performance will be met.

D. The project will be a success.

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


有效的团队带来的主要结果是——( )

A.项目绩效的改进

B.有效的、运行平稳的团队

C.项目队员理解项目经理对项目的绩效负最终责任

D.项目干系人作为个人的队员做贡献的能力提高

正确答案:A


针对固定价合同,付款的风险是: ( )

A.承包商的实际成本

B.承包商的成本加固定费用

C.在承包商的投标中未公开的应急费用

D.根据风险评估预测所作的预测成本并用于处理风险

正确答案:C


以下哪项不是项目启动的输入?( )

A.产品或服务说明

B.组强战略计划

C.项目筛选计划

D.项目章程

正确答案:D


● Budgetary estimates are the output of the _____ phase(s) of the project.

A conceptual

B development

C implementation

D finish

E All of the above.

正确答案:B


6σ代表以6个标准偏差设立偏差极限目标,而一个过程的正常期望偏差是——( )

A.1个标准偏差

B.2个标准偏差

C.3个标准偏差

D.因为每个过程的惟一性而不能确定

正确答案:C


以下各项中只有哪项不是项目团队不良团队合作的症状?( )

A.挫折

B.过多的会议

C.对项目经理缺乏信任或信心

D.毫无成效的会议

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师试题7章 第7章


● Project tradeoffs are usually made by comparing _____ and constraints.

A Time, cost, and quality

B Time, risk, and quality

C Risk, quality, and manpower availability

D Cost, quality, and technical performance

E Cost, quality, and risk

正确答案:D


在以下哪种项目特征中最适合采用强矩阵的项目型组织形式?

A、 复杂的不确定性、中等技术

B、 规模小、不确定性高

C、 规模大、新技术

D、 时间紧急程度一般、历时久

正确答案:C


你受雇于联邦机构,正在管理一个有300万美元预算的3年期项目。如果项目需求发生变更,你希望在每个财政年终能得到更多的基金。你可以将这些基金用于你的项目。你决定建立一个成本变更控制系统——( )

A.详细说明什么时候对项目增加偶然事件基金

B.详细说明改变成本基准计划的步骤

C.确定为什么出现了成本偏差

D.决定预算更新是否必须

正确答案:B


106 A comparison of completion status to baseline is referred to as _____.

A. Earned value measurement.

B. Percent complete.

C. ACWP.

D. BCWS

E. None of above

正确答案:A


大多数项目实施过程中会出现一些变更,使得项目最终的结果可能偏离最初预期的效果。因此,作为项目经理,你需要尽量地减小变更的影响,并确保在这些变更发生的时候能得到适当的管理。一种可以帮助你达到这个目的的方法是保持项目最初定义的范围和整体的业绩基线。以下这些做法中哪一项不能帮助你达到这个目的?

A、拒绝新的变更

B、 接受出现的各种变更,并将其与原有的基准线相结合制作出新的基准线

C、 持续不断地管理基准线上出现的变化

D、 确保项目范围变更在产品范围变更中得到反映

正确答案:A


你所在的公司是当地一家最大的化工厂。工厂被指控向河流中倾到了有毒物质,导致鳄鱼的体积成倍增长。同时使得当地狗的数量大量减少。法庭已经判决公司在2月15日前必须进行清理工作,这样的外部限制是属于:

A、 关键事件

B、主要的里程碑式的事件

C、加强的日期

D、对外部的依赖

正确答案:C


96 Which of the following types of cost are relevant to making financial decisions:

A. sunk cost

B. opportunity cost

C. material cost

D. A and C only

E. B and C only

正确答案:E