2021项目管理师考试真题9章

发布时间:2021-10-14
2021项目管理师考试真题9章

2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第1章


● Scheduling systems such as PERT, ADM, and PDM are project management tools to be used by:

A The project manager and project office personnel.

B The project team and functional managers.

C The project sponsor.

D All of the above.

E A and B only.

正确答案:E


124 Using the situation stated in the Special window, what is the total variable costs for producing one widget?

A. $1,020

B. $1,010

C. $1,015

D. $20.00

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


项目采购管理包括以下所有各项除了 ( )

A.行政管理

B.利害关系者分析

C.规划

D.询价

正确答案:B


项目干系人包括:( )

A.终端用户

B.供货商

C.市民

D.以上都是

正确答案:D


一位项目经理已以完成了每项活动历时估算并进行了模拟以便确定应急储备的金额,其中还缺少什么?

A、 没有考虑关键路径

B、 没有考虑可选方案使如:快速跟近和赶工

C、 没有制定进度

D、 还没有识别每项任务的风险

正确答案:D


质量管理可处理以下各项除了( )

A.与要求/规格一致

B.满足客户要求

C.使产品更趋豪华能满足更多要求

D.A及C

E.B及C

正确答案:C


109 Uncertainty refers to a situation where:

A. the outcomes are known but their probabilities are high

B. the outcomes and their probabilities are known

C. neither the outcomes nor their probabilities are known

D. states of nature can change at any time

E. probabilities of various states of nature can change at any time

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第2章


不确定性通常被用作是风险的术语,暗示不确定就是风险。不确定是一个不知道的情形,它可能是由于缺乏信息去对一个事件发生的可能性进行充分地量化,进而推断最可能的结果造成的。因此,不确定在项目中潜在的主要影响应当是:

a. 对80%将来风险爆发的情形指定一个风险爆发系数

b. 被忽略直到得到额外的信息去解决暴露出的实际风险

c. 有计划的指定一个有选择的方法即可能有一个高风险指数,但是有足够的认识

d. 在项目执行前决定,但是必须在开始这部分工作前解决

e. 在项目执行前解决或推迟项目对未定状态达成一个好的谅解

正确答案:D
  d [Kimmons 和Loweree 660 页] 不确定因素将是影响项目成功的关键因素,同时不能被确定,因此它的影响束缚了已经确定的前进任务。]


Scheduling is the process by which decisions are made concerning:

A.Tasks to be accomplished.

B.Personnel/organization that will be assigned to accomplish the task.

C.Time when the tasks are to be completed.

D.All of the above.

E.A and C only.

正确答案:E
E


123 _____ is a narrative description of the work to be accomplished or resource to be supplied.

A. Purchase order

B. Level of effort work

C. Scope of work

D. Contract stipulation

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


你所在的公司原来主要生产是一家处于领先地位的食品供应商。为了增加公司收入,管理者有意开拓新的市场和产品。你现在领导着一个负责开发产品的团队。由于你的背景和对信息技术的兴趣,你建议公司开发无线通信产品。但当你将建议提交审议的时候,管理层认为这项产品和公司的核心竞争力不符合。你需要返回规划委员会推荐其他产品,并把管理层的指导方针作为

A、 一条假设

B、 一项约束

C、 一个规范

D、 一项技术要求

正确答案:A


管理储备金通常以总预算的%提取当一个项目进行时项目经理希望管理储备金_______,而客房希望管理储备金___________( )

A.上升上升

B.下降下降

C.上升下降

D.下降上升

E.保持不变返还给客户

正确答案:E


效用理论Utility Theory ( )

A.考虑决策者的风险倾向

B.基于被证明的统计理论

C.处理最终产品的适用性

D.ISO9000的一个关键要素

E.B及C

正确答案:A


38 Advantages of the functional (hierarchical) form. of organization include _____ and creation of technical competence.

A. Ease of horizontal coordination

B. Clearly defined authority

C. High information processing capability

D. Single voice to customers

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第3章


Selective perception is _____ of new conflicting information that may result, in a breakdown in communication.

A Encoding

B Blocking out

C Transmission

D Acceptance

E Decoding

正确答案:B


● A project may be defined as _____

A an integrated approach to managing projects

B a coordinated undertaking of interrelated activities.

C a group of activities directed by a project manger over a life cycle

D an undertaking with a defined starting point and defined objectives

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


179 Formal authority is often referred to as legitimate power. Which two other forms of power are also considered to be legitimate power?

A. Reward and penalty

B. Reward and referent

C. Referent and expert

D. Expert and reward

E. Penalty and referent

正确答案:A


The Quality Risk _____ .

A is minimized through continuous monitoring.

B is considered a long term risk.

C will be reflected in the in-service life of the project result.

D B and C

E All of the above.

正确答案:E


11 The risk of accepting a lot of poor quality, in acceptance sampling, is referred to as:

A. buyer's risk

B. consumer's risk

C. producer's risk

D. type I error

E. B and D only

正确答案:B


170 A non-critical path activity is completed in half the time. Then,

A. The critical path is also reduced.

B. The slack in the path containing this activity will increase.

C. The total cost for this activity has decreased.

D. Manpower from this activity can be assigned to other activities.

E. All of the above.

正确答案:B


建立设计和测试规范的主要责任在于:( )

A.高层管理

B.采购

C.工程

D.质量控制

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第4章


● The document authorizing functional areas to charge against the project is the:

A Work authorization form

B Scope baseline

C Project charter

D Management plan

E Linear responsibility chart

正确答案:A


在向管理层/客户进行介绍时使用视觉辅助将( )

A.吸引观众的注意力

B.通过对审核尺寸加上一个目测尺寸可增强学习过程

C.注视时间较长可使心不在焉的听者得到一定信息

D.以上都是

正确答案:D


132 A proven effective means to insure quality conformance is to:

A. delegate accountability to subordinates

B. revise quality specifications to match quality measurements

C. train workers in proper quality methods

D. inspect quality into the product

E. make quality a higher priority than cost or schedule

正确答案:C


在项目经理和项目小组成员之间很少有或者根本没有信息沟通的管理方式被称为:

A、自我中心式

B、民主式

C、参与式

D、自由主义式

正确答案:D


Pure Risk differs from Business Risks because Pure Risk's _____ .

A include chances of both profit or loss associated with the business.

B include chances of loss and no chances for profit associated with the business.

C must incur personal loss with business liability.

D must incur business liability associated with loss of pure profit.

E B and C

正确答案:B


27 Monte Carlo simulation:

A. Was originally developed by Dr. Carlo

B. Is a European technique for assessing project risks

C. assumes the future risk events will occur at random according to predetermined probability distributions

D. is a technique to stimulate create risk event resolution

E. A, B and C only

正确答案:C


项目符合或者超过了客户要求的正式确认对于项目管理室必要的。这样的确认不包括下列哪一个方面?( )

A.客户对项目结果的正式接收

B.符合承担项目组织的要求,包括人员考核,预算报告和经验和总结

C.客户对项目交付成果的正式接收

D.通过了质量控制检查

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第5章


146 The planned cost for the total project at its inception is called the _____.

A. Cost of goods sold.

B. Depreciable value.

C. Budgeted cost.

D. All of the above.

E. B and C only

正确答案:C


185 In general, attempts to smooth out period to period resources will _____ the scheduled time and _____ project costs.

A. Increase, decrease.

B. Increase, increase

C. Increase, increase or decrease.

D. Decrease, decrease.

E. Decrease, increase

正确答案:B


119 A communicator can present information using the following media except:

A. Visual

B. Audio

C. Tactile

D. Performal

E. Both A and

正确答案:B


134 On November 1, $1000 worth of work on task A was supposed to have been done (BCWS); however, the BCWP was $850. Calculate the schedule variance:

A. ($100)

B. $100

C. ($150)

D. $150 E. 85%

正确答案:C


你的项目领导特德建议了一项能改善项目总体质量的同时只啬少量费用的活动。项目控制控制员桑哈建议了一个能缩短项目进度但减少产品特性的方法。你认为提高质量和加快进度是非常重要的。虽然你认为特德和桑哈应该相互学习,可他们总是意见相左。你需要一个长远的冲突解决方法。你决定用以下哪一个解决办法?( )

A.面对

B.解决问题

C.合作

D.缓和

正确答案:C


R & D project managers in high-tech companies most often motivate using _____ power.

A Expert

B Reward

C Referent

D Identification

E None of the above

正确答案:A


There are four general classes of products that the purchasing department seeks to obtain for production. Which is not one of these categories:

A Raw materials

B Standard production items

C Special items

D Items of small value

E Semi-precious materials

正确答案:E


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第6章


在变更控制中项目计划很重要是因为项目计划

A、 提供了变更管理的基准线

B、 提供了有关项目业绩的信息

C、 警示项目团队在将来可能产生问题的方面

D、 被预期在项目整个过程中会变更

正确答案:A


你负责管理一个生产项目,基于对产品的质量控制进行的检查,上层领导认为:为了防止在未来其他项目上出现问题,同时要将返工率降到最低,有必要对原料需求计划(MRP)系统采取必要的改正措施。要执行这些必要的变更,你应该遵循

A.公司的质量政策

B.质量管理计划

C.确立的操作定义和程序

D.全面变更管理控制的程序

正确答案:D


项目的本质决定了项目要求:

A、 沟通仅限于有关产品、进度、质量、成本的事实

B、 对沟通严密控制,这样其他有竞争冲突的项目经理就不能获得一些不公平优势

C、 项目经理是客户、高层管理、部门经理和项目人员之间的沟通焦点

D、 所有项目报告都应该在内部、外部共享

正确答案:C


145 Risks that cannot be identified or evaluated _____ .

A. should be deflected to the contracting officer.

B. should be handled via contingency allowances.

C. should be ignored, since they cannot be identified.

D. should be ignored, since they are not covered in the Risk Assessment.

E. C and D

正确答案:B


以下哪项是可以影响项目团队的组织的一个约束因素( )

A.执行组织的组织结构

B.项目团队成员沟通不畅

C.人员编制不明确

D.团队士气

正确答案:A


一个广告人使用体育或影视明星去衬托一个产品则这是在利用( ) 权力

A.专家

B.正当的

C.奖励

D.影响力

E.参照

正确答案:E


计划评审技术(PERT)是项目进度安排的一种方法。在风险的上下关联上,PERT 比关键路径方法好,因为它处理_______同_______的关系。

a. 逻辑,成本估计

b. 逻辑,进度估计

c. 确定性,成本估计

d. 不确定性,进度估计

e. 确定性,进度估计

正确答案:D
d [PERT 最初用于处理一个特殊的时间进度框架内完成全部任务(确定的)的可能性。]


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第7章


你的公司已经为项目管理专业人士建立了大套绩效考核和奖酬系统。在这个系统中,项目成本管理绩效是决定奖酬的标准之一。为了确保奖酬能够反映出真实的管理业绩,你应该采取什么措施?

A、将加班视为工作的一部分。

B、设定一个成本基准线

C、利用挣值管理来监控业绩

D、对可控和不可控成本分别进行估算和预算。

正确答案:D


16 Your client, with which you have good relations, wants you to provide him with office supplies. This task is not supported under your contract. You respond to your client's informal request using which medium?

A. Speech

B. Written

C. Oral

D. A and C

E. Form. letter

正确答案:C


在什么情况下,重新制定基准计划可以成为成本控制的一个输出?

A、 出现严重成本偏差,必须采取实际的执行措施

B、 修订的成本估算已经准备好并且发布给项目干系人

C、 必须采取纠错行动,达到符合项目计划的预期未来绩效

D、 A和C

正确答案:A


一个活动的历时估算如下:

最乐观估算=6天;最可能估算=21天;最悲观估算=36天;那么,该活动在16天到26天的时间完成的几率有多高?

A、54%

B、68%

C、95%

D、99.73%

正确答案:B


项目的本质决定了项目要求:

A、 沟通仅限于有关产品、进度、质量、成本的事实

B、 对沟通严密控制,这样其他有竞争冲突的项目经理就不能获得一些不公平优势

C、 项目经理是客户、高层管理、部门经理和项目人员之间的沟通焦点

D、 所有项目报告都应该在内部、外部共享

正确答案:C


QUEST . Which percent of the total project labor hours are typically expended by the end of the second phase of the project life cycle?

A . 5%

B . 10%

C . 15%

D . 25%

E . 50%

正确答案:D


无成本结算有时用于——( )

A.结束一个成功的合同

B.正式终止过程

C.当买方的特性按要求已满足时

D.当这种安排被其中的一方接受时

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第8章


103 Using the situation stated in the Special window, the cost performance index (CPI) for WBS Element R is:

A. 0.875

B. 1.14

C. 0.952

D. 0.833

E. 1.20

正确答案:B


128 R & D project managers in high-tech companies most often motivate using _____ power.

A. Expert

B. Reward

C. Referent

D. Identification

E. None of the above

正确答案:A


在哪种组织中,项目成员在项目收尾阶段最为焦虑?( )

A.职能型

B.矩阵

C.项目型

D.强矩阵

正确答案:C


条件图法如GERT用于:

A、 表示四种依赖关系(完成-开始 完成-完成 开始-开始 开始-完成)

B、 创建一个比PERT图还容易解释的网络图形

C、 因为PCM和ADM不允许非序列活动,如回环或条件分去

D、 帮助促进项目网络图的准备

正确答案:C


由于以下哪个原因,项目特别容易受到风险的影响

A、墨菲定律表明:“如果可能会出问题,问题将会出现”

B、每个项目在某些方面是独特的

C、项目管理工具对于项目小组是不可得的

D、完成工作的资源永远是不足的

正确答案:B


进度计划控制不考虑以下哪一项?( )

A.对造成进度计划变更的因素施加影响,保证变更是有利的

B.确定进度计划已经变化

C.管理实际发生的变更

D.根据客户需求变更进度计划

正确答案:D


129 Quality control charts show a characteristic of the product or service against:

A. the specification limits.

B. customer requirements.

C. control limits based on three standard deviations in each direction.

D. control limits based on six standard deviations in each direction.

E. A and D only

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师考试真题9章 第9章


● Documented work authorization provide:

A a means of effective internal coordination of the project's activities.

B an audit trail of all work authorized from project initiation to completion.

C a means for communication of work activity between the project manager and the performing activities.

D All of the above

E A and B only.

正确答案:D


95 Which percent of the total project labor hours are typically expended by the end of the second phase of the project life cycle?

A. 5%

B. 10%

C. 15%

D. 25%

E. 50%

正确答案:D


你正计划指挥你的新的项目管理户外培训课程的团队组建部分,参与者将参加一个生存试验来剔除最“弱”团队成员。获胜者将得到公司的达尔文奖。因为这个课程只能在绿地上执行,在安排课程的实践上你只能限制在一年中的几个特定时间。课程开始的最佳时机是七月中旬。在你设计项目进度时一个更为普遍的时间限制是

A、 不早于开始

B、 不晚于结束

C、 有一个确定的最晚开始时间

D、 有一个确定的最早结束时间

正确答案:A


117 You are giving your team instructions on how to perform. a new test which is different from the way that the team had performed it previously. The best way to verify that the learn understands what you want is to:

A. obtain feedback

B. analyze the team's perceptions barriers

C. uses gestures in presenting the instructions

D. analyze the team's decoding skills

E. analyze the team's encoding skills

正确答案:A


61 100 % inspection of output is:

A. the best proven method to ensure quality

B. is expensive, ineffective approach to quality management

C. can never be, justified

D. can still leave some defects undetected

E. B and D only

正确答案:E


Which is not a consideration in a make or buy decision?

A Cost factors (least cost alternatives)

B Competitors' method of sourcing

C Existence of sufficient administration/technical personnel

D Political and social factors

E None of the above.

正确答案:B


以下哪一项描述了小组内部的强大压力,使得团队不得不放弃重要的.有创造性的主意以遵守团队标准?( )

A.群体内部压制

B.群体发言一致

C.群体思维

D.群体统一意见

正确答案:C