2021项目管理师历年真题6节

发布时间:2021-10-14
2021项目管理师历年真题6节

2021项目管理师历年真题6节 第1节


Continually measuring and monitoring the actual cost versus the budget is done to _____.

A.analyze the reasons for variances

B.establish the variances

C.identify the problems

D.All of the above.

E.None of the above.

正确答案:D
D


69 The most common form. of written project communication is

A. Publications

B. Bulletin boards

C. Reports

D. Letters and memos

E. All of the above

正确答案:D


25 Forecasting human resource requirements necessitates making predictions about both the supply and demand of human resources. Which of the following is not a method used to forecast the demand for human resources?

A. Delphi Method

B. Regression Analysis

C. PERT Charts

D. Staffing Tables

E. Time Series Analysis

正确答案:C


项目经理要求项目团队对其项目风险进行量化和评估,以下几点不能证明这样做的好处的是: ( )

A.彻底理解项目、相关风险、以及风险对项目各部分的影响

B.制订处理已经识别的问题的风险降低策略

C.保证所有已以识别的风险问题纳入项目计划编制

D.识别可能存在的替代方案

正确答案:B


建立设计和测试规范的主要责任在于:( )

A.高层管理

B.采购

C.工程

D.质量控制

正确答案:C


_____ is based on information gathered and analyzed about demand and supply. This forecast provides a prediction of short and long term prices and the underlying reasons for those trends.

A Demand forecast

B Price forecast

C Supply forecast

D Production forecast

E None of the above.

正确答案:B


● Using the table in the Special window, Which task is completed?

A dig hole

B remove debris

C survey

D set forms

E place concrete

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师历年真题6节 第2节


这个项目的CPI是多少?它告诉我们的成本绩效是什么?( )

A.0.20;实际成本与计划的一致

B.0.80;实际成本超出了计划成本

C.0.80;实际成本比计划成本要低

D.1.25;实际成本超出了计划成本

正确答案:B


59 Formal written communication is mandated for which of the following?

A. scope changes not part of the original project

B. taking exception to a specification

C. procurement of raw materials

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


项目风险的三个属性是---------、-----------和------------------

A、 可能发生什么、发生在谁身上、造成多少成本

B、 告示、相关事件的频率、发生概率

C、 质量、风险计划编制、风险事件的总数量

D、 风险事件、发生概率、受威胁的金额

正确答案:D


43 There are four methods of government procurement. Which is not one of these methods? A. Assistance

B. Sealed bidding

C. Competitive proposals

D. Acquisition

E. Small purchases

正确答案:D


198 Using the diagram in the Special window, what is the probability that Alternative I will be adopted and completed below budget:

A. 1.4

B. 0.8

C. 0.2

D. 0.12

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


下列哪项成本与作出财务决定有关( )

A.沉没成本

B.机会成本

C.原材料成本

D.只有B及C正确

正确答案:D


98 Cost management includes:

A. Cost estimating/forecasting.

B. Cost budgeting/cost control.

C. Cost applications.

D. All of the above.

E. A and B only

正确答案:D


2021项目管理师历年真题6节 第3节


152 Which theory(s) prescribes a form. of participative management?

A. theory X

B. theory Y

C. theory Z

D. A or B

E. B or C

正确答案:B


下列哪一些描述了不论是买方还是卖方对部分或全部合同条件本能实质的情况 ( )

A.终止合同

B.部分执行

C.违背合同

D.合同纠纷

正确答案:C


你是建设一个生猪养殖厂项目的经理。当地居民和环保团体反对该项目。他们已经提供了一系列数据显示厂里焚烧的内脏和猪尸体将产生有害的甚至有毒的气体,对当地居民有危害。他们威胁将公司告上法庭。你发现你的大量时间花费在平息他们的担忧。在花费大量时间和精力之后,你说服管理层同意将项目迁至一个新的镇外的厂址。这是以下哪种风险反应的例子:

A、被动接受

B、主动接受

C、缓解风险

D、回避风险

正确答案:D


按照激励的预期理论( )

A.不良业绩表现是不良训练的自然结果

B.管理者对于员工不应该期望过多

C.应该用某种预期的结果来激励员工的行为

D.管理者应该期望薪水高的员工会更加努力地工作

正确答案:C


合同后评价十分重要因为 ( )

A.在许多管辖区法律要求如此

B.费用与承包人业绩相连

C.它们为承包人选择确立历史基数

D.多数合同需要它们

正确答案:C


The utility of a risk seeker is:

A negatively exponential

B positively skewed

C increasing

D decreasing

E symmetrical

正确答案:C


● Project life cycles are very useful for _____ and _____ .

A Configuration management, termination

B Objective setting, information gathering

C Standardization, control

D Configuration management, weekly status updates

E Approval, termination

正确答案:C


2021项目管理师历年真题6节 第4节


39 Filling vacant positions by recruiting within the organization

A. Is exempt from equal employment opportunity laws

B. Is less expensive than recruiting externally

C. Can help provide new and innovative ideas to the organization

D. Is more time consuming than recruiting externally

E. A and B

正确答案:B


51 Going from Level 2 to Level 4 in the work breakdown structure will result in

A. Less estimating accuracy

B. Better control of the project

C. Lower status reporting costs

D. A greater likelihood that something will fall through the cracks

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


The estimated cost to complete (ETC) is _____.

A.BCWP/ACWP

B.the forecasted and final cost - cost to date

C.(ACWP-BCWP)/BCWP *

D.Total estimate - ACWP

E.None of the above.

正确答案:B
B


18 Using the situation stated in the Special window, a comparison of the cost variance of August as compared to July shows that the magnitude ($ value) of the variance has _____ and the percentage change has _____.

A. Become worse, become worse

B. Become worse, improved

C. Improved, increased

D. Improved, become worse

E. None of the above are correct

正确答案:B


项目团队原来有6个成员,现在新增加6个成员,沟通渠道增加了多少?

A、6条

B、4.4倍

C、2倍

D、2条

正确答案:B


编制项目进度表是一个不断反复的过程,如果开始和结束的日期都不现实的话,项目很可能无法按照计划完成。既然你认识到了进度控制的重要性,你和你的团队正致力于明确如何管理进度变更。你将最终的结果写在哪一个文件里?( )

A.进度变更控制程序

B.进度管理计划

C.进度风险计划

D.服务水平协议

正确答案:B


Line of balance charts are used most frequently in:

A.Engineering

B.Marketing

C.Manufacturing

D.Accounting

E.Contracts and procurement

正确答案:C
C


2021项目管理师历年真题6节 第5节


43 Middle (functional) managers have the greatest influence in the direction of the project in which type of organizational structure?

A. Project.

B. Strong matrix.

C. Weak matrix.

D. Project coordinator.

E. Project expeditor.

正确答案:C


以下哪项是建设项目团队的基本原则

A、 经常进行绩效评估

B、 保证每位成员除了向项目经理汇报外,还要向他/她的职能经理汇报

C、 尽早开始

D、 尽力解决团队的政治问题

正确答案:C


139 By which means is a contractor able to control cost overruns due to changing requirements? A. Project data review

B. Change order

C. Purchase order amendment

D. Change control

E. None of the above

正确答案:D


以下哪项是集中式签署合同的好处

A、 便于使用签订合同专门技术

B、 提高公司签订合同的专门知识

C、 更忠于项目

D、 合同人员没有家

正确答案:B


149 An individual who is working on the satisfaction of physiological needs has essentially satisfied which needs?

A. Safety

B. Empowerment/authority

C. Esteem

D. Self-actualization

E. None of the above

正确答案:E


在一个管道项目执行期间,管道分包商建议在不改变进度和成本的前提下升级某种材料,变更得到批准后,应在何处记当前变更?

A、 项目章程

B、 配置管理计划

C、 工作分解结构

D、 质量保证计划

正确答案:D


15 Total project risk can be defined as:

A. the sum of the probabilities of project risks events times the sum of consequences of those risks

B. the sum of the products of each project risk event times its consequences

C. the sum of the consequences of all project risk events

D. the sum of the probabilities of all project risk events

E. 1 - the sum of the probabilities of all project risk events

正确答案:B


2021项目管理师历年真题6节 第6节


184 The major disadvantage of a bar chart is:

A. Lack of time-phasing.

B. Cannot be related to calendar dates.

C. does not show activity interrelationships.

D. Cannot be related to manpower planning.

E. Cannot be related to cost estimates

正确答案:C


● The most difficult decision for the executive sponsors to make at the end-of-phase review meeting is:

A Budget allocations for the next phase.

B Authorizing scope changes for the next phase.

C Authorizing budget increases for the next phase based upon scope changes.

D Canceling the project.

E All of the above.

正确答案:D


有两类风险:商务和可保险型,以下哪项可看作可保险型风险 ( )

A.薪水册成本

B.机会成本

C.沉淀成本

D.有担保的承包商造成的损害

正确答案:D


154 _____ is associated with a buyer's request for materials or equipment to meet a particular need or accomplish a specific purpose.

A. Express warranty

B. Implied warranty of merchantability

C. Implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose

D. Prescribed warranty

E. None of the above

正确答案:C


36 Quality management deals with all of the following except:

A. conformance to requirements/specifications

B. satisfying the needs of the customer

C. making products more desirable and luxurious

D. A and C.

E. B and C

正确答案:C


History has shown that project managers can be trained in a combination of ways. Which method is usually preferred by most companies?

A . Experiential learning, on-the-job

B . Formal education and special course (degreed programs)

C . Professional activities, seminars

D . Individual readings

E . None of the above

正确答案:A


你负责的项目已经进行了18个月了,某天,公司的CEO给你发了一封电子邮件,要你向所有的、确定的、内部和外部的干系人报告项目当前的情况。报告的饿时间定在了下周一。你预计可能会有50多人出席。报告准备工作的第一步应该是

A、明确报告的听众

B、确定目标

C、确定报告的总体形式

D、设计一个报告战略

正确答案:B